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US Army soldiers give hand signals from M60 main battle tanks during a field training exercise. Two AH-1 Cobra helicopters are hovering overhead

Soviet-made T-54 and T-55 main battle tanks

Two Soviet-made T-55 main battle tanks. The turret of the tank on the right is traversed to the rear

U.S. Army soldiers give hand signals from the turrets of their M-60 main battle tanks during a field training exercise. An AH-1 Cobra helicopter is hovering overhead

US Army soldiers give hand signals from the turrets of their M60 main battle tanks at dusk during a field training exercise

A US Army military policeman directs M60 main battle tanks through a German town

Colonel Jimmy G. Martin, Aviano Air Base Commander, inspects one of five new M-60 main battle tanks that have been assigned to the Italian 132nd Manin Tank Brigade

Colonel Jimmy G. Martin, Aviano Air Base Commander, goes for a ride in one of five new M-60 main battle tanks that have been assigned to the Italian 132nd Manin Tank Brigade. The tank is headed for the firing range at Maniago

M60 main battle tanks on maneuvers during a field training exercise

M-60A1 main battle tanks lead M-113 armored personnel carriers into battle during a mock assault conducted as part of a firepower demonstration for President Carter

M-60A1 main battle tanks lead M-113 armored personnel into battle during a mock assault conducted as part of a firepower demonstration for President Carter

M-60 main battle tanks of Co. F, 40th Armor, Berlin Bde., undergo dry firing proficiency training at Tempelhof Central Airport

Leopard I battle tanks are used in exercise Alloy Express by NATO military units that are participating in the exercise

M60 main battle tanks are used by members of 2nd Platoon, Company C, 1ST Battalion, 73rd Armor, during weapons and equipment training at the National Training Center

A U.S. Army M-60-A3 main battle tanks on maneuvers during the NATO-sponsored Autumn Forge exercises

M1 Abrams main battle tanks on maneuvers

A close-up of the front of an M1 Abrams main battle tanks on maneuvers

Illustration showing main battle tanks. "Soviet Military Power," 1983, Page 38

A view of the U.S. Marine Corps barracks and shell-damaged hangars at Beirut International Airport. M-60 main battle tanks and an M-151 light vehicle are parked in the foreground. The Marines have been deployed in Lebanon as part of a multi-national peacekeeping force following confrontation between Israeli forces and the Palestine Liberation Organization

Three M-60A3 main battle tanks of the 1ST Bn., 108th Armor, 48th Bde., Georgia National Guard, equipped with MILES (Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System) gear, move out to attack "enemy" positions during a training exercise. The unit is preparing i

Two M-60A3 main battle tanks and an M-113 armored personnel carrier of the 1ST Battalion, 108th Armor, 48th Brigade, Georgia National Guard, move out to attack "enemy" positions during an exercise. The unit is preparing for its annual training exercises to be held this year at Fort Irwin, California

Members of the 1ST Battalion, 108th Armor, 48th Brigade, Georgia National Guard, attach Multiple Intergrated Laser Engagement System (MILES) gear to their M-60A3 main battle tanks at the beginning of a training exercise. They are preparing for their annual training exercise to be held this year at Fort Irwin, California. (SUBSTANDARD)

Two M60A3 main battle tanks from the 1ST Platoon, 48th Brigade, 108th Armored Division, Georgia National Guard, move out to attack opposing forces during the training Exercise COMPANY TEAM DEFENSE

First Lieutenant (1LT) Rick Addison (left) and SPECIALIST 5 (SPC5) Joe Yother (right), 1ST Platoon, 48th Brigade, 108th Armored Division, Georgia National Guard, store equipment in a carrier. The equipment was removed from the M603 main battle tanks (background) used during the training Exercise COMPANY TEAM DEFENSE

Personnel from the 1ST Platoon, 48th Brigade, 108th Armored Division, Georgia National Guard, remove equipment from their M60A3 main battle tanks after the training Exercise COMPANY TEAM DEFENSE

A Soviet army observer and his US Army escort watch M1 Abrams main battle tanks on maneuvers during the Confident Enterprise phase of REFORGER/AUTUMN FORGE '83

M1 Abrams main battle tanks of Company D, 1ST Battalion, 11th Cavalry, stop in a narrow lane while participating in the Confident Enterprise phase of REFORGER/AUTUMN FORGE '83. The M1 in the foreground has an M2 HB .50-cal. machine gun mounted on the commander's hatch and an M240 7.62 mm machine gun on the loader's hatch

M-60A1 Reliability Improved System Equipment (RISE) main battle tanks of A Troop, 3rd Squadron, 4th Cavarly, 25th Infantry Division, fire their guns during a live-fire training exercise on the tank range. (Substandard image)

M-60A1 Reliability Improved System Equipment (RISE) main battle tanks of A Troop, 3rd Squadron, 4th Cavalry, 25th Infantry Division, fire their guns during a live-fire training exercise on the tank range

US 1ST Cavalry Division M60 main battle tanks cross a ribbon bridge spanning the Maas River during REFORGER/AUTUMN FORGE '83. Combat support boats are used to hold the bridge in place

M-1 Abrams main battle tanks of Co. D, 1ST Bn., 11th Cav. take part in the Confident Enterprise phase of Reforger/Autumn Forge '83

US soldiers cross over a class-60 medium girder bridge aboard M60 main battle tanks during Exercise CONFIDENT ENTERPRISE/REFORGER '83. The bridge was constructed by the 54th Combat Engineer Battalion, 130th Engineer Brigade

Two M60A1 main battle tanks of Company C, 1ST Tracked Vehicle Battalion, move into position for a live-fire exercise at Chip-o-ri Range during Operation BEAR HUNT '84

Three M60A1 main battle tanks of Company C, 1ST Tracked Vehicle Battalion, participate in a live-fire exercise at Chip-o-ri Range during Operation BEAR HUNT '84

M60A1 main battle tanks of Company C, 1ST Tracked Vehicle Battalion, participate in a live-fire exercise at Chip-o-ri Range during Operation BEAR HUNT '84

M60A1 main battle tanks are parked inside the Mid East Armor Platoon headquarters, as the 22nd Marine Amphibious Unit back to ships of Amphibious Squadron 4 at the conclusion of a multinational peacekeeping operation

Korean soldiers move out in camouflaged M-113 armored personnel carriers and M-48 main battle tanks, during the joint South Korean/US Exercise Team Spirit '84

Members of the 26th Marine Amphibious Unit drive two M60 main battle tanks off utility landing craft 1660 (LCU 1660) at Vieques Island during Operation OCEAN VENTURE '84

US main battle tanks. Courtesy of Soviet Military Power, 1984, PHOTO No. 58, Page 58, top

Soviet main battle tanks. Courtesy of Soviet Military Power, 1984. PHOTO No. 59, page 58, bottom

M60A1 main battle tanks are lined up on a flatbed rail car after being offloaded from the vehicle cargo ship USNS CAPELLA (T-AKR 293). The tanks will be used in support of Exercise GALLANT EAGLE '84, to be held in August, 1984

M60A1 main battle tanks on a flatbed rail car, after being offloaded from the vehicle cargo ship USNS CAPELLA (T-AKR 293). The tanks will be used in support of Exercise GALLANT EAGLE '84

M1 Abrams main battle tanks are washed at a prepositioning of materiel configured in unit sets (POMUS) site at the conclusion of SPEARPOINT '84, a phase of Exercise REFORGER '84

M60 main battle tanks are parked in the port staging area prior to deployment to West Germany for SPEARPOINT '84, a phase of Exercise REFORGER '84

M1 Abrams main battle tanks are washed at a prepositioning of materiel configured in unit sets (POMUS) site at the conclusion of SPEARPOINT '84, a phase of Exercise REFORGER '84

M1 Abrams main battle tanks are returned to a prepositioning of materiel configured in unit sets (POMUS) site storage warehouse at the conclusion of SPEARPOINT '84, a phase of Exercise REFORGER '84

M1 Abrams main battle tanks arrive by rail at a prepositioning of materiel configured in unit sets (POMUS) site for cleaning, restoration and storage at the conclusion of SPEARPOINT '84, a phase of Exercise REFORGER '84

M60A3 main battle tanks are maneuvered into storage positions on the third deck of the Waterman class maritime prepositioning ship SS PFC. EUGENE A. OBREGON. The turret of the tank is traversed to the rear. Equipment of the 6th Marine Amphibious Brigade is being loaded aboard the ship

M60A3 main battle tanks and a personnel tracked landing vehicle (LVTP 7) are secured in a storage area aboard the Waterman class maritime prepositioning ship SS PFC. EUGENE A. OBREGON. Equipment of the 6th Marine Amphibious Brigade is being loaded aboard the ship

M60A3 main battle tanks are ready to be secured on the third deck of the Waterman class maritime prepositioning ship SS PFC. EUGENE A. OBREGON. Equipment of the 6th Marine Amphibious Brigade is being loaded aboard the ship

Two M-60 main battle tanks of the 8th Tank Battalion move along a dirt road during a field exercise

A chart showing the types of Soviet main battle tanks currently in operation. From Soviet Military Power 1985

A chart showing the types of US main battle tanks currently in operation. From Soviet Military Power 1985

Left front view of a convoy of Soviet T-72 main battle tanks. From Soviet Military Power 1985

M-60 main battle tanks are staged on the dock prior to being loaded aboard the vehicle cargo ship SS ADMIRAL WILLIAM M. CALLAGHAN for transport to the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85 in Egypt

M-60 main battle tanks from Company C, 2nd Battalion, 70th Armor, 24th Infantry Division, practice tank maneuvers during the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85

M-60 main battle tanks of the 24th Infantry Division make an assault on a hill during the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85

M-60 main battle tanks from Company C, 2nd Battalion, 70th Armor, 24th Infantry Division, are parked in a marshaling area after maneuvers during the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85

M-60 main battle tanks parked in formation prepare for armored vehicle operations during the multinational joint service exercise Bright Star '85

M-60 main battle tanks and other armored vehicles used during the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85 are staged on the dock prior to being loaded aboard a ship

M-60 main battle tanks from Company C, 2nd Battalion, 70th Armor, 24th Infantry Division, are parked in a marshaling area after maneuvers during the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85

M-60 main battle tanks participate in a combined arms live fire demonstration during the multinational joint service exercise Bright Star '85

M-60 main battle tanks participate in a combined arms live fire demonstration during the multinational joint service exercise Bright Star '85

M-60 main battle tanks used during the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85 are rolled off tank transporters prior to being loaded aboard a ship

M-60 main battle tanks participate in a combined arms live fire demonstration during the multinational joint service exercise Bright Star '85

M-60 main battle tanks from Company C, 2nd Battalion, 70th Armor, 24th Infantry Division, are parked in a marshaling area after maneuvers during the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85

M-60 main battle tanks come ashore from the Utility Landing Craft 1645 (LCU 1645) during an amphibious assault in support of the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85

Utility Landing Craft 1644 (LCU-1644) approaches a beach carrying Egyptian marines and T-54/55 main battle tanks during an amphibious assault in support of the multinational joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR '85. In the background are several CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters

An aerial view of three M60A1 main battle tanks maneuvering through the trees during Exercise REFORGER '86

An aerial view of two M60A1 main battle tanks maneuvering through the trees during Exercise REFORGER '86

M-60 main battle tanks are lined up in the staging area at the Dundalk Marine Terminal after being offloaded from the vehicle cargo/rapid response ship USNS ANTARES (T-AKR-294). The tanks were used by the 32nd Separate Infantry Brigade (Mechanized), Wisconsin Army National Guard, during Exercise Reforger '86

Examples of Soviet military equipment exported to Third World clients include, clockwise from upper left; Romeo class attack submarines, SA-6 surface-to-air missile systems, T-72 main battle tanks and ZSU-23-4 self-propelled anti-aircraft guns

Civilian contracted trailers transport M60 main battle tanks from the flight line during rapid response loading Exercise AGILE SWORD'86. In the background is a CH-53 Sea Stallion helicopter

Two Marine M60A1 main battle tanks in position during a field exercise

M-1 Abrams main battle tanks of the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) advance during NATO exercise Display Determination '87. Exact Date Shot Unknown

M-1 Abrams main battle tanks of the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) participate in NATO exercise Display Determination '87. Exact Date Shot Unknown

Soviet infantrymen wearing chemical and biological protective gear conduct a decontamination exercise on T-62 main battle tanks and a cargo truck

Marines in M-60A1 main battle tanks participate in an armored assault exercise

A right side view of a Marine AH-1 Cobra helicopter in flight over two M60A1 main battle tanks during a field exercise

LCM 8 mechanized landing craft assigned to Assault Craft Unit 2 (ACU 2) deliver M60 main battle tanks to the amphibious transport dock USS TRENTON (LPD 14) during the field training Exercise SOLID SHIELD'87

M1 Abrams main battle tanks from the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) participate in NATO Exercise DISPLAY DETERMINATION'87

M-1 Abrams main battle tanks of the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) prepares to ford a small river during NATO exercise Display Determination '87. Exact Date Shot Unknown

LCM 8 mechanized landing craft assigned to Assault Craft Unit 2 (ACU 2) deliver M60 main battle tanks to the amphibious transport dock USS TRENTON (LPD 14) during the field training Exercise SOLID SHIELD'87

M60 main battle tanks of the 1ST Tank Battalion move down the beach to load up aboard an amphibious assault ship during amphibious assault ship during the amphibious assault Exercise Operation KERNAL BLITZ'87-2

Utility landing craft 1666 (LCU 1666) transports M60 main battle tanks of the 1ST Tank Battalion to shore during the amphibious assault Exercise Operation KERNAL BLITZ'87-2

M60 main battle tanks come ashore from utility landing craft during the multinational, joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR'87

M-60 main battle tanks come ashore from utility landing craft during the multinational, joint exercise Bright Star '87

Members of the Egyptian military help position M-60 main battle tanks on trailers for transportation during the multinational, joint service Exercise Bright Star '87

Marines prepare to offload M60 main battle tanks from utility landing craft LCU 1645 onto the beach during the multinational, joint service Exercise BRIGHT STAR'87

US Soldiers from Company D, 3rd Platoon, 4th Battalion, 64th Armor, load ammunition for their M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks during the capabilities exercise portion of Exercise SHADOW HAWK'87, a phase of Exercise BRIGHT STAR'87. The exercise will evaluate procedures used to deploy US tactical and logistical forces

US Soldiers from Company D, 3rd Platoon, 4th Battalion, 64th Armor, take a break prior to loading 120 mm ammunition aboard M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks during Exercise SHADOW HAWK'87, a phase of Exercise BRIGHT STAR'87. The exercise will evaluate procedures used to deploy US tactical and logistical forces

US Soldiers from Company D, 3rd Platoon, 4th Battalion, 64th Armor, load 120 mm ammunition into M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks during Exercise SHADOW HAWK'87, a phase of Exercise BRIGHT STAR'87. The exercise will evaluate procedures used to deploy US tactical and logistical forces

M60 main battle tanks come ashore on a floating causeway during the joint US/South Korean Exercise TEAM SPIRIT'88. The Maritime Pre-positioning Ship MV SGT WILLIAM R. BUTTON (T-AK 3011) is anchored offshore

M1 Abrams main battle tanks parked at the National Training Center

M1 Abrams main battle tanks are lined up in the vehicle staging area at the National Training Center

A French armored unit drives its AMX-30 main battle tanks out of the staging area at the start of the annual Allied Forces Day parade

A chart depicting the approximate number of main battle tanks in the military forces of Warsaw Pact nations during the period 1980-1988

A chart depicting the approximate number of main battle tanks in the military forces of NATO nations during the period 1980-1988

Members of the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) gather near one of their parked M-1A1 Abrams main battle tanks during an exercise at the National Training Center

Three M1A1 Abrams main battle tanks of the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized), their turrets traversed to the rear, are parked in a line as an M113 armored personnel carrier passes in the background during an exercise at the National Training Center

U.S. National Archives

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