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A simulated victim lays on a stretcher as he is attended to by medical personnel. During the NATO Tactical Evaluation, personnel displayed their "Team Eifel" spirit as many organizations pulled together to achieve a satisfactory rating

Members of the 48th Fighter Wing process through a mobility line during a NATO Tactical Evaluation

An F-15E Eagle leaves the ground during a NATO Tactical Evaluation

A medic with the 48th Fighter Wing treats a simulated injured accident victim during a NATO Tactical Evaluation

A NATO inspector (left) checks customs paperwork of a deployed member of the 48th Fighter Wing during a NATO Tactical Evaluation

AIRMAN 1ST Class Edward Jones of the 48th Security Police Squadron lays on the ground with his M-16 rifle. His partner kneels behind him, ready with his rifle. They are prepared to defend against intruders during a NATO Tactical Evaluation

Firemen and medics of the 48th Fighter Wing respond to a simulated accident during a NATO Tactical Evaluation

Deployed 48th Fighter Wing members board a bus for transport to billeting as part of a NATO Tactical Evaluation

48th Fighter Wing members receive an in-processing briefing at "Farout" Air Base during a NATO Tactical Evaluation

Survival Recovery Center representatives monitor exercise activities in the command post during a NATO Tactical Evaluation

F-15E Eagles from the 492nd Fighter Squadron, 48th Fighter Wing, prepare to launch during the NATO Tactical Evaluation

Front view of an F-15E Eagle from the 492nd Fighter Squadron, 48th Fighter Wing, as it prepares to launch during the NATO Tactical Evaluation

US Air Force AIRMAN First Class Ed Wells, 23rd Fighter Squadron, runs for cover at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, during a Phase II Local Salty Nation exercise. Spangdahlem personnel participated in a Phase I at the beginning of the week followed up by a Phase II in preparation for a Phase I Operational Readiness Inspection and a NATO Tactical Evaluation

US Air Force First Lieutenant Daniel Morrisey, 81st Fighter Squadron, takes off from Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, in an A-10 Thunderbolt aircraft, during a Phase II Local Salty Nation exercise. Spangdahlem personnel participated in a Phase I immediately followed by a Phase II in preparation for a Phase I Operational Readiness Inspection (ORI and a NATO Tactical Evaluation

US Air Force Captain John Lyons, a pilot from the 23rd Fighter Squadron, takes off from Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, in an F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft, during a Phase II Local Salty Nation exercise. Spangdahlem exercises were conducted in preparation for a Phase I Operational Readiness Inspection and a NATO Tactical Evaluation

US Air Force STAFF Sergeant Glenn Tedesco, 52nd Supply Squadron and AIRMAN First Class Ed Wells, 23rd Fighter Squadron make preparations to fuel a F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany during a Phase II exercise. The exercise was held in preparation for an upcoming Operational Readiness Inspection and NATO Tactical Evaluation

23rd Fighter Squadron personnel don their gas masks and gloves at the beginning of an alarm red at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, during a Phase II Local Salty Nation exercise. Spangdahlem personnel participated in a Phase I at the beginning of the week followed up by a Phase II in preparation for a Phase I Operation Readiness Inspection and a NATO Tactical Evaluation

AIRMAN First Class Michael Caldwell, 22d Fighter Squadron Life Support, makes adjustments to a pilot's helmet during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

SENIOR AIRMAN Daniel Priesman, 52d Security Forces Squadron, handcuffs a downed "enemy pilot," STAFF Sergeant Eric Doyle of the 48th Communications Squadron, during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

Armed with M-16A2 assault rifles, STAFF Sergeant Angela Sepulveda and AIRMAN First Class Samuel Mendoza, 52d Security Forces Squadron, look for agressor forces during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

Captain Lee Spechler, a pilot from the 81st Fighter Squadron, Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, takes off from Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in an A-10 Thunderbolt II during a phase II exercise 24 July 2001. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

SENIOR AIRMAN Daniel Priesman, 52d Security Forces Squadron, handcuffs a downed "enemy pilot," STAFF Sergeant Eric Doyle of the 48th Communications Squadron, during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

AIRMAN First Class Michael Caldwell, 22d Fighter Squadron Life Support, makes adjustments to a pilot's helmet during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

Captain Lee Spechler, a pilot from the 81st Fighter Squadron, Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, takes off from Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in an A-10 Thunderbolt II during a phase II exercise 24 July 2001. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

Members of the 52d Fighter Wing from Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, provide medical aid to AIRMAN First Class Summer Desper, 48th Supply Squadron. AIRMAN Desper acted as a "burn victim" from an explosion during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

AIRMAN First Class Justin Harrington, 52d Security Forces Squadron, takes aim with his M-16A2 assualt rifle at agressor forces during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing relocate to the alternate wing operations center after the primary location was destroyed during a simulated attack. With all protective clothing and equipment doned, personnel are in Mission-Oriented Protective Posture response level 4 (MOPP-4) gear. The MCU-2/P Chemical Biological Mask is used by ground crews. Wing members are currently deployed to RAF Lakenheath, United Kingdom in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing, wearing Mission Oriented-Protective Posture response level 4 (MOPP-4) gear with the MCU-2/P Chemical Biological Mask, evacuate the wing operations center after a simulated attack. Wing members are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

A-10 Thunderbolts from the 81st Fighter Squadron Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, wait for take off in the aircraft hold area at Royal Air Force (RAF) Lakenheath, United kingdom. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to RAF Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An A-10 Thunderbolt II from the 81st Fighter Squadron Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany waits for take off in the aircraft hold area at Royal Air Force (RAF) Lakenheath, United kingdom. Personnel from the 52nd Fighter Wing are currently deployed at RAF Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An A-10 Thunderbolt II from the 81st Fighter Squadron Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, starts down the runway for take off from Royal Air Force (RAF) Lakenheath, United kingdom. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to RAF Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 23rd Fighter Squadron, Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, awaits takes off from Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52nd Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing don their protective clothing and equipment for an alarm red. With protective gloves on, personnel will be in Mission-Oriented Protective Posture response level 4 (MOPP-4) gear. The MCU-2/P Chemical Biological Mask is used by ground crews. Wing members are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 23rd Fighter Squadron, Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, awaits takes off from Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52nd Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 22nd Fighter Squadron, Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, awaits takes off from RAF Lakenheath, United Kingdom during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to RAF Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An A-10 Thunderbolt II from the 81st Fighter Squadron Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany waits for take off in the aircraft hold area at Royal Air Force (RAF) Lakenheath, United kingdom. Personnel from the 52nd Fighter Wing are currently deployed at RAF Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October.U.S. Air Force photo by AIRMAN 1ST Class James L. Harper

SENIOR Airmen Jamie Vangelder, 52 Communications Squadron, works to repair a base station during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Royal Air Force Lakenheath, United Kingdom, in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 22nd Fighter Squadron, Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, awaits takes off from Royal Air Force (RAF) Lakenheath, United Kingdom during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52nd Fighter Wing are currently deployed to RAF Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 23rd Fighter Squadron, Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, awaits takes off from Royal Air Force (RAF) Lakenheath, United Kingdom, during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52nd Fighter Wing were deployed to RAF Lakenheath in preparation for the NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

An A-10 Thunderbolt II from the 81st Fighter Squadron Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany, starts down the runway for take off from Royal Air Force (RAF) Lakenheath, United kingdom. Personnel from the 52d Fighter Wing were deployed to RAF Lakenheath in preparation for a NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

F-16 Fighting Falcons from the 52nd Fighter Wing, Spangdahlem Air Base Germany await take off from Royal Air Force (RAF) Lakenheath, United Kingdom, during a phase II exercise. Personnel from the 52nd Fighter Wing are currently deployed to Lakenheath in preparation for a NATO Tactical Evaluation in October

Aviano Fire Fighters in J-FIRE (Joint-Firefighter Integrated Response Ensemble) suits, 31st Civil Engineer Squadron, perform buddy checks on one other to ensure their gear is worn properly at a mock motor vehicle accident during the Local Salty Nation Exercise at Aviano Air Base, Italy. This is the first Phase II or Local Salty Nation exercise since the wing moved to Aviano seven years ago and is in preparation for a NATO Tactical Evaluation scheduled for October 2002. In addition to performing everyday operations in a chemical environment, other "survive-to-operate" processes are tested including self-aid and buddy care, post attack and Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) reconnaissance and...

Lieutenant Colonel John Caudill, USAF, (left) and STAFF Sergeant Ray Angel, USAF, (right), members of the 31st Medical Group, provide medical treatment to SENIOR AIRMAN Glendon Martin, USAF, 31st Medical Group. She is a victim of a simulated motor vehicle accident during the Local Salty Nation Exercise at Aviano Air Base, Italy. This is the first Phase II or Local Salty Nation exercise since the wing moved to Aviano seven years ago and is in preparation for a NATO Tactical Evaluation scheduled for October 2002. In addition to performing everyday operations in a chemical environment, other "survive-to-operate" processes are tested including self-aid and buddy care, post attack and...

Aviano Fire Fighters in J-FIRE (Joint-Firefighter Integrated Response Ensemble) suits, 31st Civil Engineer Squadron, place a C-Collar on the driver of the pickup involved in a simulated motor vehicle accident during the Local Salty Nation Exercise at Aviano Air Base, Italy. This is the first Phase II or Local Salty Nation exercise since the wing moved to Aviano seven years ago and is in preparation for a NATO Tactical Evaluation scheduled for October 2002. In addition to performing everyday operations in a chemical environment, other "survive-to-operate" processes are tested including self-aid and buddy care, post attack and Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) reconnaissance and setting up a...

STAFF Sergeant April Lewis, USAF, 31st Medical Group, takes the pulse of SENIOR AIRMAN Craig Smelter, USAF, 31st Security Forces Squadron, a victim of a simulated aircraft attack during the Local Salty Nation Exercise at Aviano Air Base, Italy. This is the first Phase II or Local Salty Nation exercise since the wing moved to Aviano seven years ago and is in preparation for a NATO Tactical Evaluation scheduled for October 2002. In addition to performing everyday operations in a chemical environment, other "survive-to-operate" processes are tested including self-aid and buddy care, post attack and Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) reconnaissance and setting up a contamination control area

MASTER Sergeant Tim Burns, USAF, 31st Maintenance Squadron, pulls out his radio to call in a simulated motor vehicle accident during the Local Salty Nation Exercise at Aviano Air Base, Italy. This is the first Phase II or Local Salty Nation exercise since the wing moved to Aviano seven years ago and is in preparation for a NATO Tactical Evaluation scheduled for October 2002. In addition to performing everyday operations in a chemical environment, other "survive-to-operate" processes are tested including self-aid and buddy care, post attack and Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) reconnaissance and setting up a contamination control area

SENIOR MASTER Sergeant John Walters, USAF, (left), and Technical Sergeant Daniel Amic, USAF, (center), 31st Medical Group, Exercise Evaluation Team (EET) members, prepare simulated wounds on SENIOR AIRMAN Glendon Martin, USAF, 31st Medical Group, Exercise Evaluator. She will play the part of a casualty in a simulated motor vehicle accident during the Local Salty Nation Exercise at Aviano Air Base, Italy. This is the first Phase II or Local Salty Nation exercise since the wing moved to Aviano seven years ago and is in preparation for a NATO Tactical Evaluation scheduled for October 2002. In addition to performing everyday operations in a chemical environment, other "survive-to-operate"...

Completing his Mission-Oriented Protective Posture response level 4 (MOPP-4) suit, US Air Force (USAF) AIRMAN First Class (A1C) Chad R. Lynch, 31st Civil Engineer Squadron (CES), Rapid Runway Response (RRR) team member dons his rubber gloves during a simulated chemical attack. The attack used to hone the skills of the 31st CES Triple-R in event of an attack as they train for the upcoming NATO Tactical Evaluation

In full Mission-Oriented Protective Posture response level 4 (MOPP-4) suits, US Air Force (USAF) personnel with the 31st Civil Engineer Squadron (CES), Rapid Runway Response (RRR) simulates repairs to the runway, using fiberglass mounts to cover foreign objects, after an attack. Triple-R is preparing for the upcoming NATO Tactical Evaluation that tests their ability to perform their mission during a real world incident

In full Mission-Oriented Protective Posture response level 4 (MOPP-4) suit, US Air Force (USAF) AIRMAN First Class (A1C) Chad R. Lynch, 31st Civil Engineer Squadron (CES), Rapid Runway Response (RRR) team member tosses anchor screws to hold the fiberglass repair mat together. The training scenario will prepare members of the 31st CES for the upcoming NATO Tactical Evaluation

U.S. National Archives

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