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Galveston, Texas. . . Prepared by Order of Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks. Maj. D. C. Houston, Chief Engineers... Authorities, Coast Survey Charts [and] Reconnoissances by W. S. Long, Asst. Engr., in Decr. 1862, Giving information furnished by refugees, Apr. 15th, 1864. Drawn by H. Holtz.

Fresh water is delivered via mule drawn barrel wagon to the refugees at a camp in the Presidio. Military personnel stand by as women and children bring buckets to fill. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Close-up view of refugees fleeing along Grove Street from the Ham & Egg fire. This fire started in a house on the south side of Hayes Street when a woman started a fire in her stove to make breakfast around 9 AM. The chimney was defective due to the quake and fire broke out. This fire burned more territory than any other single fire, since all fire departments were engaged elsewhere no concentrated attack was possible, so the fire spread out of control reaching Gough and Grove Streets. The fire caused the destruction of the Mission district as well as the Hayes Valley section, including the Mechanics' Pavilion and the City Hall. The earthquake hit at 5:12:05 AM, measuring 8.25 on the...

Refugees just released by Germans. Tournai

British soldiers and French refugees, Nesle, France. March 1917

Refugees from Merville, France; 4/12/1918

Refugees from Merville, France; 4/12/1918

British soldier assisting France refugees. Bethune, France. 4-17-1918

Four hundred refugees at Salonika, who were cared for by the Allies. Scene taken during the Salonika Campaign

French refugees return to find their homes in ruins. Scene near Beaurains, France. 10-18-1917

Refugees on the Cambrai front

French refugees from Masnieres at Amiens

American Red Cross - Classes in Red Cross Work - France - American Red Cross Workers helping refugees in France. American Red Cross workers requisitioning blankets and furniture for refugees at an American Red Cross stationi n France

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children playing in a park established by the A.R.C. at the Sanatorium of La Jonchero. About 1500 children are care for at this home

American Red Cross - Refugees - The children at Sanatorium of La Jonchere, established by the A.R.C. having setting up exercises. This home provides for about 1500 children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Marius, Andre and Lucien Schiffenecker. Adopted by the 642nd Aero Squadron, U.S.A

American Red Cross - Refugees - Some of the refugees hwo live in portable houses which the French government has put up for them at Drieux, France

American Red Cross - Refugees - Little children refugees, struggling along the hard roads of Serbia, en route to Gorodlitza. Note clothing: the rags on the feet instead of shoes

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children playing games in the park of the Sanatorium established by the A.R.C. at La Jonchere, near Paris, France

American Red Cross - Refugees - Colony of about 160 refugee children crossing drawbridge into the ancient Chateau of Caen, the funds for whose maintenance is provided by the American Red Cross

American Red Cross - Refugees - A tiny refugee's morning tub. A Red Cross Worker giving a refugee baby her morning bath. An oil can serves as a bath tub

American Red Cross - Refugees - American Red Cross in Italy. Distribution of food to trainload of refugees by representatives of the American Red Cross

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children having lunch under the trees at sanatorium at La Jonchere, near Paris, France, supported by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - American Red Cross nurse treating a little refugee patient at St. Lunaire where a home is maintained by the A.R.C. for 500 children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Refugee children about to start for Grand Val, an estate near Paris, France, which has been turned over to the A.R.C. for a Sanatorium for refugee children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Italian child on the hills above Rome, Italy

American Red Cross - Refugees - At Grand Val, country home fo rrefugee children. The A.R.C. has undertaken the care of these children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Italian children on the Lido Beach, Ospizio Marino

American Red Cross - Refugees - Nurse treating children in dispensary at the Sanatorium of La Jonchere, near Pairs, France, where about 1500 children are cared for at this home supported by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Refugee children playing games at Grand Val, a country home for delicate refugee children established by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Refugee boy for fifteen months under German rule. Arrived with refugees at St. Sulspice, France where he will be cared for by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Jeanne Septvents, adopted by Company E, 6th Battalion of the 20th Engineers. Funds for keeping of all adopted children are provided for by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Lunch under the trees at the A.R.C. sanatarium at La Jonchere, near Paris, France, where about 1500 children are cared for by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Miscellaneous - Civilian Reflief, Italy. Pleasant dreams assured refugees, beds and cots being loaned to model American Red Cross town nearing completion under the shadow of Pisa's Tower in Italy

American Red Cross - Classes in Red Cross Work (workrooms and classes) - Cincinnati women work for soldiers and war refugees. After hours, the rooms of Cincinnati School houses are gathering places of women who devote a great deal of their time to sewing and knitting for soldiers, sailors and war refugees. They make pajamas, convalescent shirts, knitted garments, etc. This group is especially interesting as the school where the women are working is in the "Over the Rhine" district, the German section of the city, which is no longer German

American Red Cross - Refugees - Vestiaire A.R.C. Headquarters, Pau, France. Refugee work

American Red Cross - Refugees - Caring for the refugees. Some of the 760,000 French and Belgian refugees taken care of by the Swiss and American Red Cross for 18 months ending in December 1918

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children having setting up exercises at the A.R.C. Sanatorium La Jonchere, near Paris, France, where about 1500 children are cared for by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Recreation and Sports - Mademoiselle Isabeau of the Grand Opera Comique with two canteen workers at the gare d'Ivry, Paris, France, who came to sing to soldiers and refugees at the A.R.C. Canteen

American Red Cross - Refugees - Mothers and children receiving help

American Red Cross - Refugees - When the lunch bell rings at Grand Val, a country home for delicate children which was established by the A.R.C. for delicate refugee children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Boating and fishing at Grand Val, France, where a large estate has been turned over to the A.R.C. for refugee children

American Red Cross - I thru M - Miss Morely assisted by a convalescent soldier giving out much needd clothing, etc., to refugees in the A.R.C., Vestiaire at Orleans, France

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children orphans of war and a corner of their junior Red Cross home on Mount Zion in Jerusalem

American Red Cross - Refugees - The face of a middle aged man on the figure of an eight year old boy. The stout heart of the boy forces the shadow of a smile on the face of this young Serb

American Red Cross - Refugees - Refugees enjoying an outing at Grand Val, a country home, established by the A.R.C. near Paris, France

American Red Cross - Refugees - Refugee children from Nancy ready for a swim. The A.R.C. mainted at Dinard a home where 500 children are cared for

American Red Cross - Refugees - Lebouheyre, Landes, French Government barrack colony for refugees assisted by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - School at Wickem, Belgium, established by the Queen of Belgium for the children of the devastated district of Belgium, is assisted by the American Red Cross

American Red Cross - Refugees - Aricca Institute for tubercular children on Alban Hills, above Rome, Italy

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children at Grand Val, near Paris, France, where a home has been established for them by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children awaiting the distribution of food supplies and clothing at Belgrade, Serbia

American Red Cross - Refugees - Feeding the sheep at Grand Val, a large estate near Paris, France, which has been converted into a home for delicate children among the refugees received at St. Sulpice, Paris, France

American Red Cross - Switzerland, & Misc. - "Les Lauriers" at Geneva, making surgical dressing, clothing for evauces and refugees passing through Switzerland. Red Cross Swiss Commission now supports this work which keeps about sixty needy women busy on useful work

American Red Cross - Refugees - Feeding the chickens at the Sanatorium of La Jonchere, near Paris, France, where about 1500 children are cared for by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Rene and Margurite Doublinger have been adopted by the 644th Aero Squadron

American Red Cross - Headquarters & Buildings - Exterior of the canteen and dormitories, funished and supplied by the American Red Cross for the refugees returning to their broken homes and lives. Rheims, France

American Red Cross - Refugees - Refugee children playing in front of their home at Dinard where the American Red Cross maintains a home for 500 refugee children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Domitory for Italian children at the Ospizio Marino, Lido, Italy

American Red Cross - Refugees - U.S. Army at Archangel Front, Russia. Children of Isakogorka receiving lunch erved by American Red Cross Mission to Russia

American Red Cross - N thru W - M. Pelietier, in French Colonel's Uniform, founder of the work for refugees at the seminary of Saint Sulpice, Paris, France, with a group of American and French Red Cross Assistants

American Red Cross - Refugees - The building on the left, Rue jeanne d'Arc, under the shadow of the famous cathedral, has been requisitioned by the A.R.C. for refugees quarters

American Red Cross - Refugees - The first part of the drill of Les Petits Soldats at the refugee colony at St. Lunaire, France. This colony is under the direction of the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - The Sous Intendent Militaire of the Loire gives the use o this building to Miss Porter, Head of the Bureau for refugees at Montbrison, A.R.C. Activities

American Red Cross - Refugees - Country home of a refugee family that has been moved from the crowded quarters in St. Etienne into clean and comfortable houses near Montbrison, France

American Red Cross - Refugees - French children. A.R.C. cares for children's ailments and wounds in reconstructed area

American Red Cross - Refugees - Casino at Evian. Balcony where children were examined upon their arrival

American Red Cross - Refugees - Temporary Red Cross Hospital for Relief of the Flood Victims. Happened in October 1916, Japan

American Red Cross - Miscellaneous - A.R.C. Dispensary at Brest, France. Two refuees in the doorway

American Red Cross - Refugees - Refugee children at Grand Val, a country home established by the A.R.C. for delicate refugee children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Boy scouts and refugee children interested in ducks at Grand Val, near Paris, France, established by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Two babies found in a basket on the steps of the A.R.C., 32 rue des Nathurins, Paris

American Red Cross - Refugees - Kindergarten work at Grandbourg (Seine & Oise). This colony established by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Room showing typical insanitary conditions from which the A.R.C. has rescued many refugees

American Red Cross - Refugees - Construction of portable houses at Malabry, intended for use for refugee tubercular families

American Red Cross - Refugees - Italian school children having a rest hour

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children working under the direction of a sister of the Convent Sacre Couer, near Paris, France, which is aided by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Serbian children staggering along under heavy loads to Gorodlitza, where they will be taken in charge by the American Red Cross

American Red Cross - Refugees - A very exclusive luncheon at Grand Val, near Paris, France, a country home established by the American Red Cross for delicate refugee children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Personnel of the children's Bureau of the A.R.C., in Paris, France

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children at lunch at Grand Val, a country home established by the A.R.C. for refugee children

American Red Cross - Uniforms - This gray summer outdoor uniform of the American Red Cross is seen in Palestine and Greece, Italy and England as well as in the United States and France. Nurses going out to serve in these countries did not know what service they might be called upon to perform, or whether they would serve singly or in groups. They are working in hospitals, dispensaries and teaching centers, helping in the care of children and refugees, and meeting every emergency of war

American Red Cross - Refugees - Driving the sheep by refugee children at Grand Val, a country home established by the A.R.C. for delicate refuguee children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Refugee boys from Nancy in the colony at St. Lunaire working in the garden, under the care of the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Miscellaneous - Distributes dry groceries to Italian soldiers and refugees in Naples, Italy. Store established by the American Red Cross to relieve the food situation in Italy

American Red Cross - Refugees - Luncheon at Grand Val, near Paris, France, a country home for delicate refugee children established by the American Red Cross

American Red Cross - Refugees - Cooling off, at Grand Val, near Paris, a countty home established by the A.R.C., for delicate refugee children

American Red Cross - Refugees - Paris school children fed by American Red Cross. Inadequate luncheons provided by the school cantees are supplemented in many poorer quarters of Paris by the American Red Cross

American Red Cross - Refugees - A crippled hero of the Somme teaching children to sing the Marseillaise at Grand Val, where a country home for children has been established by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Refugees - Educating children at La Jonchere Sanatorium, near Paris, France, where about 1500 children are cared for by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Switzerland, & Misc. - "Les Lauriers" at Geneva, making surgical dressings, clothing for evauces and refugees passing through Switzerland. American Red Cross Swiss Commission now supports this work which keeps about sixty needy women busy on useful work

American Red Cross - Refugees - Applicants for food, clothing, and medicine at the warehouse of the American Red Cross, Salonika, Greece

American Red Cross - Refugees - Andrew Ecuier, adopted by Supply Company of the Quartermaster Corps, No. 303

American Red Cross - Refugees - Children gathered together by the Serbia Children's Relief Committee. Mme. Grouitch in charge, assisted by the American Red Cross. Belgrade, Serbia

American Red Cross - Refugees - At Grand Val, a country home for delicate refugee children established by the A.R.C

American Red Cross - Vehicles - Red Cross girl investigating refugees need, driving in 50" below zero weather

American Red Cross - Construction - Scene at Ornans where lumber was unloaded for building portable houses for refugees and afterwards turned over to the Army for a military hospital

American Red Cross - Refugees - Chateau St. Lubin, the A.R.C. is considering taking over this chateau and making it fit to house 200 refugees

American Red Cross - Refugees - Scene at the American Red Cross Home for Refugee Children at St. Lunaire, where 500 children are cared for by the American Red Cross

Ceremonies - Michigan thru New Jersey - American Red Cross parade, Kansas City, Missouri. Children dressed as refugees. (Red Cross week) from May 18 to 25, 1918. Kansas City, MO