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The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865, fought between northern states loyal to the Union and southern states that had seceded to form the Confederate States of America. The Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of Black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, just over a month after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North, which also included some geographically western and southern states, proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Of the 34 U.S. states in February 1861, seven Southern slave states were declared by their state governments to have seceded from the country, and the Confederate States of America was organized in rebellion against the U.S. constitutional government. The Confederacy grew to control at least a majority of territory in eleven states, and it claimed the additional states of Kentucky and Missouri by assertions from native secessionists fleeing Union authority. These states were given full representation in the Confederate Congress throughout the Civil War. The two remaining slave states, Delaware and Maryland, were invited to join the Confederacy, but nothing substantial developed due to intervention by federal troops.

The Confederate states were never diplomatically recognized as a joint entity by the government of the United States, nor by that of any foreign country. The states that remained loyal to the U.S. were known as the Union. The Union and the Confederacy quickly raised volunteer and conscription armies that fought mostly in the South for four years. Intense combat left between 620,000 and 750,000 soldiers dead, along with an undetermined number of civilians. The Civil War remains the deadliest military conflict in American history, and accounted for more American military deaths than all other wars combined until the Vietnam War.

The war effectively ended on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Appomattox Court House. Confederate generals throughout the Southern states followed suit, the last surrender on land occurring June 23. Much of the South's infrastructure was destroyed, especially its railroads. The Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, and four million enslaved Black people were freed. The war-torn nation then entered the Reconstruction era in a partially successful attempt to rebuild the country and grant civil rights to freed slaves.

The Civil War is one of the most studied and written about episodes in U.S. history, and remains the subject of cultural and historiographical debate. Of particular interest are the causes of the Civil War and the persisting myth of the Lost Cause of the Confederacy. The American Civil War was among the earliest industrial wars. Railroads, the telegraph, steamships and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. The mobilization of civilian factories, mines, shipyards, banks, transportation, and food supplies all foreshadowed the impact of industrialization in World War I, World War II, and subsequent conflicts.

American Civil War Media

22,952 media by topicpage 1 of 230
Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1597..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Abraham Lincoln's Patent Drawing for Improved Manner of Buoying Vessels
Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2601..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Miss F. Drumming. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss F. Drumming. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew...

Original Caption: Miss F. Drumming..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1694..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Br... More

Miss Bradon. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Bradon. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brad...

Original Caption: Miss Bradon..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1720..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Mrs. Glenmurry. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Glenmurry. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Glenmurry..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2269..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brad... More

Mrs. Kinsella. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Kinsella. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Kinsella..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1628..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Camp scene, ladies in camp. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Camp scene, ladies in camp. Female portrait of American Civil War time...

Original Caption: Camp scene, ladies in camp..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2732..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photog... More

Map of Arkansas

Map of Arkansas

United States

Plan of Fort St. Philip, Louisiana

Plan of Fort St. Philip, Louisiana

This drawing includes a table showing construction of the garrison in time of war to sustain a siege and an estimation of the cost for construction. "Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Mrs. Roberts. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Roberts. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Roberts..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3266..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Mrs. Shannon. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Shannon. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Shannon..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1649..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infantry, with His Wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This Picture was Taken on the Porch of Mr. Allen's House at Richmond, Virginia.

Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infa...

Original Caption: Bvt. Brig. Gen. John E. Mulford, Col. of 3rd N.Y. Inf., with his wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This picture was taken on the porch of Mr. Allen's house at Richmond, Va..U.S. National Ar... More

Christine Neilson. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Christine Neilson. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathe...

Original Caption: Christine Neilson..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2293..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: B... More

Mrs. S. A. Hare. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. S. A. Hare. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. S.A. Hare..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1735..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brad... More

Mrs. Murray. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Murray. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Murray..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1606..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Mrs. Rawson. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Rawson. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Rawson..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1741..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Mrs. Conlin. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Conlin. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Conlin..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2274..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Mrs. Baldwin. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Baldwin. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Baldwin..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1681..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Mrs. Duzenberry. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Duzenberry. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Duzenberry..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1657..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Bra... More

Sister Jachim. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Sister Jachim. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Br...

Original Caption: Sister Jachim..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1622..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Mrs. Landkul. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Landkul. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Landkul..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1640..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Mrs. Chapin. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Chapin. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Chapin..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1638..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Miss Ida Williams. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Ida Williams. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathe...

Original Caption: Miss Ida Williams..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2302..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: B... More

Mrs. Skiddy. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Skiddy. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Skiddy..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3273..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Miss Gates. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Gates. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady...

Original Caption: Miss Gates..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2277..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, M... More

Mrs. Notman. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Notman. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Notman..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1650..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Miss Lawrence. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Lawrence. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Br...

Original Caption: Miss Lawrence..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1746..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Mrs. Hogan. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Hogan. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Hogan..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1647..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, M... More

Miss Mary Glenmurry. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Mary Glenmurry. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mat...

Original Caption: Miss Mary Glenmurry..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1725..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer:... More

Mrs. De Lauterette. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. De Lauterette. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. De Lauterette..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1692..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: ... More

Mrs. Draper. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Draper. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Draper..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1611..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Janauschek, Actress. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Janauschek, Actress. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mat...

Original Caption: Janauschek, Actress..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3247..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer:... More

Mrs. Weinburg. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Weinburg. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Weinburg..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1664..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Miss Rousvert. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Rousvert. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Br...

Original Caption: Miss Rousvert..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3587..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Miss Clara Barton. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Clara Barton. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathe...

Original Caption: Miss Clara Barton..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1857..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: B... More

Miss Bateman. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Bateman. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Bra...

Original Caption: Miss Bateman..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1616..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Mrs. W. Boker. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. W. Boker. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. W. Boker..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1667..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Mrs. Murtha. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Murtha. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Murtha..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1698..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Miss or Mrs. Marble. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Miss or Mrs. Marble. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Miss or Mrs. Marble..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1666..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer:... More

Mrs. J. Dooley. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. J. Dooley. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. J. Dooley..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1661..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brad... More

Miss Murtz. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Murtz. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady...

Original Caption: Miss Murtz..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1623..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, M... More

Miss Gottschalk, Actress. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Gottschalk, Actress. Female portrait of American Civil War time b...

Original Caption: Miss Gottschalk, Actress..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1648..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photogra... More

Miss or Mrs. C. D. Lounds

Miss or Mrs. C. D. Lounds

Original Caption: Miss or Mrs. C.D. Lounds..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1637..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photogra... More

Mrs. Nichols. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Nichols. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Nichols..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1708..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Actors. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Actors. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Actors..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2572..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathe... More

Mrs. Seabury. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Seabury. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Seabury..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1605..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Mrs. Calvern. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Calvern. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Calvern..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1733..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Miss Walton. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Walton. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brad...

Original Caption: Miss Walton..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2260..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Mrs. Stetson. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Stetson. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Stetson..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1688..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Miss Mali. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Mali. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Miss Mali..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3620..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Ma... More

Mrs. W. J. Nurus. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. W. J. Nurus. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. W. J. Nurus..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1641..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Br... More

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2218..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Mrs. Manning. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Manning. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Manning..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1687..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Mrs. Orton. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Orton. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Orton..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1682..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, M... More

Mrs. Logan. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Logan. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Logan..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2762..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, M... More

Miss Reynaud. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Reynaud. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Bra...

Original Caption: Miss Reynaud..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3623..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Mrs. Peet. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Peet. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Peet..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1646..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Ma... More

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2219..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Miss Hose. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Hose. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Miss Hose..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1693..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Ma... More

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1663..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Miss Webb. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Webb. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Miss Webb..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3618..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Ma... More

Mrs. Hastings. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Hastings. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Hastings..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2273..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Miss Rice. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Rice. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Miss Rice..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2228..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Ma... More

Miss or Mrs. Whiting, N.J.. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Miss or Mrs. Whiting, N.J.. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Neg...

Original Caption: Miss or Mrs. Whiting, N.J...U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3621..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photog... More

Mrs. H. J. Rogers. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. H. J. Rogers. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. H.J. Rogers..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1719..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Br... More

Mrs. George Stephenson. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. George Stephenson. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negativ...

Original Caption: Mrs. George Stephenson..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2262..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photograph... More

Mrs. Watkins. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Watkins. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Watkins..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1683..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Mrs. Stuyvesant. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Stuyvesant. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Stuyvesant..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2230..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Bra... More

Mrs. Bradon. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Bradon. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Bradon..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1739..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

R. Mead, portrait of a child

R. Mead, portrait of a child

Original Caption: R. Mead, portrait of a child..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3615..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Phot... More

Mrs. N. Davis. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. N. Davis. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. N. Davis..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1690..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Miss Outwater. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Outwater. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Br...

Original Caption: Miss Outwater..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1601..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2217..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2600..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Mrs. O'Malley. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. O'Malley. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. O'Malley..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2261..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Tinnie Clafin, Wall Street broker. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Tinnie Clafin, Wall Street broker. Female portrait of American Civil W...

Original Caption: Tinnie Clafin, Wall Street broker..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2267..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111).... More

Miss Perkinson. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Perkinson. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew B...

Original Caption: Miss Perkinson..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1740..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brad... More

Mrs. Leon Lille. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Leon Lille. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Leon Lille..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3275..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Bra... More

Gen. Louis D. Watkins and wife

Gen. Louis D. Watkins and wife

Original Caption: Gen. Louis D. Watkins and wife..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2715..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Ph... More

Mrs. Campbell. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Campbell. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Campbell..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1608..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Miss Isherwood, or Miss Sherwood. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Isherwood, or Miss Sherwood. Female portrait of American Civil Wa...

Original Caption: Miss Isherwood, or Miss Sherwood..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1703..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..... More

Mrs. Astor. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Astor. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Astor..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1604..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, M... More

Miss Isherwood, or Miss Sherwood. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Isherwood, or Miss Sherwood. Female portrait of American Civil Wa...

Original Caption: Miss Isherwood, or Miss Sherwood..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1704..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..... More

Miss Pruyn. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Miss Pruyn. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady...

Original Caption: Miss Pruyn..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1716..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, M... More

Sister Sylvester. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Sister Sylvester. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew...

Original Caption: Sister Sylvester..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1734..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Br... More

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1625..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Mrs. Donahue. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Donahue. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Donahue..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2359..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady,... More

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Lady. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Lady..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2270..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Mathew,... More

Mary Surratt. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Mary Surratt. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Bra...

Original Caption: Mary Surratt..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1138A..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady... More

Mrs. B. Smith. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. B. Smith. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Smith, B. [Mrs.]..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1669..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Br... More

Sister Verona (Sister of Mercy). Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Sister Verona (Sister of Mercy). Female portrait of American Civil War...

Original Caption: Sister Verona (Sister of Mercy)..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1613..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..P... More

Mrs. Henry J. Scudder. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Henry J. Scudder. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative...

Original Caption: Mrs. Henry J. Scudder..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-3609..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographe... More

Actress. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Actress. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Original Caption: Actress..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2574..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Math... More

Miss Clara Harris (Married Major Rathbone)

Miss Clara Harris (Married Major Rathbone)

Original Caption: Miss Clara Harris (married Maj. Rathbone)..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1745..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Gro... More

Mrs. Chapin. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Chapin. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Chapin..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1699..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, ... More

Map of the Battles of Bull Run Near Manassas

Map of the Battles of Bull Run Near Manassas

Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay

Agnes Robinson, actress. Female portrait of American Civil War time by Mathew Brady.

Agnes Robinson, actress. Female portrait of American Civil War time by...

Original Caption: Agnes Robinson, actress..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-2585..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photograp... More

Mrs. Coon. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. Coon. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. Coon..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1679..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: Brady, Ma... More

Mrs. John Callahan. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Mrs. John Callahan. American Civil War. Mathew Brady Glass Negative.

Original Caption: Mrs. John Callahan..U.S. National Archives’ Local Identifier: 111-B-1598..From:: Series: Mathew Brady Photographs of Civil War-Era Personalities and Scenes, (Record Group 111)..Photographer: ... More

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The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives and Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. The Defense Visual Information Distribution Service provides a connection between world media and the American military personnel serving at home and abroad. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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