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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With over 39.3 million residents across a total area of approximately 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), it is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area, as well as the world's thirty-fourth-most-populous subnational entity. California is also the most populated subnational entity in North America, and has its state capital in Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most-populous urban regions, with more than 18.7 million and 9.6 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most-populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most-densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

California's economy, with a gross state product of $3.2 trillion as of 2019, is the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the fifth-largest economy in the world, and the 37th-most populous as of 2020. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies ($1.3 trillion and $1.0 trillion respectively as of 2020), after the New York metropolitan area ($2.0 trillion). The San Francisco Bay Area Combined Statistical Area had the nation's highest gross domestic product per capita in 2018 ($106,757) among large primary statistical areas, and is home to four of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people.

California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, communication, information, innovation, environmentalism, economics, politics, and entertainment. As a result of the state's diversity and migration, California integrates foods, languages, and traditions from other areas across the country and around the globe. It is considered the origin of the hippie counterculture, beach and car culture, the Internet, and the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as centers of the global technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California's economy is very diverse: 58% of it is based on finance, government, real estate services, technology, and professional, scientific, and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.S. state.

California shares a border with Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south. The state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, and from the redwood and Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate and monsoon seasonal weather, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. All these factors lead to an enormous demand for water; in total numbers, California is the largest consumer of water in North America. Over time, drought and wildfires have become more frequent; further straining California's water security.

What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of Europeans during the 16th and 17th centuries. The Spanish Empire then claimed and colonized it. In 1804 it was included in Alta California province, within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. The western portion of Alta California was then organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom.

California Media

227,828 media by topicpage 1 of 2279
Fire ^ Wildfire - Anaheim, Calif. , Nov. 20, 2008 -- Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO), Mark Neveau, speaks to insurance representatives at the Orange County Local Assistance Center.  The Local Assistance Center is a "one stop shop" where disaster victims can visit to obtain information regarding disaster assistance.

Fire ^ Wildfire - Anaheim, Calif. , Nov. 20, 2008 -- Federal Coordinat...

The original database describes this as: Title: FCO Visits Local Assistance Center in California Production Date: 11/20/2008 Caption: Anaheim, Calif. , Nov. 20, 2008 -- Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO), Ma... More

Armistead, W K - State: California - Year: 1837 - File Number: A134
Gates, Wm - State: California - Year: 1848 - File Number: G429
Gates, Wm - State: California - Year: 1848 - File Number: G552
Grimshaw, James - State: California - Year: 1848 - File Number: G212
Sketch Map (Diseno) of California Land Claim

Sketch Map (Diseno) of California Land Claim

California Land Claim Sketch Maps

Photograph of Alcatraz Island Light Station in California
Susan Brownell Anthony was an American social reformer

Susan Brownell Anthony was an American social reformer

Susan Brownell Anthony was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collect... More

Pegram, Jno - State: California - Year: 1859 - File Number: P88
[Blank], [Blank] - State: California - Year: 1860 - File Number: I94
Hoffman, W - State: California - Year: 1860 - File Number: H66
Phillips, Cal - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
West, Cal - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Christe, Cal - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Stanford, Leland - State: California - Year: [Blank]
Vest, Cal - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Bunch, Cal - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Price, Cal - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Pyburn, [Blank] - State: California - Year: 1862
Arnold, George W - State: California - Year: 1862
Pyburn, William - State: California - Year: 1862
Wood, J D - State: California - Year: 1862
Pither, Geo D W - State: California - Year: 1864
The corner of Montgomery Street and Chestnut Street in 1865. Near what is now Pier 29

The corner of Montgomery Street and Chestnut Street in 1865. Near what...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Photograph of Donner Lake Pass in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California

Photograph of Donner Lake Pass in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of Calif...

Photographic Prints Produced During Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel (King Survey)

Elevation, Plan and Detail Drawing for the Lighthouse Dwelling at Cape Mendocino, California
General view (looking northeast) Headquarters Presidio Reservation, San Francisco, California. The Presidio in the 1870's matches ground plan. Triple-story bachelor officer quarter is on right, original Presidio building is left of center in picture (behind horse-drawn wood cart). Alcatraz is at the right edge of the picture in this view to north-northeast down center of the parade ground. At the right of the flag pole is the hospital, dating from 1854 and still at the original site. Post was inspected in 1866 when it had 1,156 officers and men in 16 companies, 14 of them preparing for duty in Arizona."

General view (looking northeast) Headquarters Presidio Reservation, Sa...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Section Drawing for the Lighthouse at East Brother Island, California

Section Drawing for the Lighthouse at East Brother Island, California

Lighthouse Plans for East Brother Island, California

South Elevation of Mare Island Lighthouse, California

South Elevation of Mare Island Lighthouse, California

Lighthouse Plans for Mare Island, California

North Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at East Brother Island, California

North Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at East Brother Island, Cal...

Lighthouse Plans for East Brother Island, California

Section, Plan and Detail Drawing for the Lighthouse at Point Conception, California

Section, Plan and Detail Drawing for the Lighthouse at Point Conceptio...

Maps and Plans for the Lighthouse at Point Conception, California

General view of the Presidio from Infantry Terrace in 1882. Image points out and names different buildings on the post

General view of the Presidio from Infantry Terrace in 1882. Image poin...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

General view (looking northeast) Headquarters Presidio Reservation, San Francisco, California. Parade ground located in center. Date approximately 1890

General view (looking northeast) Headquarters Presidio Reservation, Sa...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: William C. Billington Release Status: Releas... More

Photograph of Lou Henry Posing on a Burro at Acton, California
Photograph of the Construction of the St. George Reef Light Station in California
Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24. 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the historic Romane...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:28:25 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the historic Romane...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:26:47 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Books scatter the floor of the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate all hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Books scatter the floor of the historic ...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:17:09 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the parapet of the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the parapet of the ...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:54:10 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the historic Romane...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:26:24 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Cracked plaster reveals wall lath and latticework in the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate all hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Cracked plaster reveals wall lath and la...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:21:53 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage from the parapet of the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage from the parapet of th...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:27:14 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Cracked plaster reveals wall lath and latticework in the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate all hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Cracked plaster reveals wall lath and la...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:22:05 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the parapet of the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24. 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the parapet of the ...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:52:55 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Cracked plaster reveals wall lath and latticework in the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate all hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Cracked plaster reveals wall lath and la...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:08:38 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Books scatter the floor of the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate all hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Books scatter the floor of the historic ...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:17:07 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

General view (looking northeast) Headquarters Presidio Reservation, San Francisco, California. Parade ground located in center. Date estimated 1900

General view (looking northeast) Headquarters Presidio Reservation, Sa...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

A Naval officer rides in a toy antique car as he takes part in the "San Diego Salutes the Troops" parade. The parade is being given to units that took part in Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm

A Naval officer rides in a toy antique car as he takes part in the "Sa...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Subject Operation/Series: DESERT SHIELDDESERT STORM Base: San Diego State: California(CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operato... More

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the parapet of the historic Romanesque Goodman Library building in the City of Napa, California, which was struck by a 6.0 earthquake at 3:20 a.m. on August 24, 2014. The Goodman Library was donated to the City of Napa by philanthropist George Goodman in 1901 and is the longest continually operating library in the State of California. The building was seismically stabilized and retrofitted with assistance from FEMA in 2004-2005. FEMA supports state, local and tribal governments in their efforts to recover from natural disasters and mitigate hazards. Photo by Christopher Mardorf / FEMA

Napa, CA, September 9, 2014 ; Earthquake damage to the parapet of the ...

The original finding aid described this as: Date Taken: 2014-09-09 14:51:09 UTC Photographer Name: Christopher Mardorf City/State: Napa, CA Keywords: Earthquake Disaster Types: Earthquake Categories: Debr... More

U.S. Marines fire M1911A1 .45 caliber pistols during

U.S. Marines fire M1911A1 .45 caliber pistols during

U.S. Marines fire M1911A1 .45 caliber pistols during the Far East Division Matches on Camp Hansen, Okinawa, Japan, in 1987. Division Matches were first held in 1901 to provide Marines with comprehensive marksma... More

I'ts Your Birthday

I'ts Your Birthday

March 2, 1904 is Theodor Seuss Geisel’s birthday. Better known as Dr. Seuss, Geisel’s stories touch on complex social and political themes in easy to digest formats. Before his death in 1991, he had published o... More

One of the many Street Kitchens that sprang up in the aftermath of the quake. This one is in front of the Baker & Greenwich Street Market, near the Presidio. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

One of the many Street Kitchens that sprang up in the aftermath of the...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Ruin of the $7,000,000 City Hall by earthquake and fire. The building was a monument of poor workmanship, materials and design. The U.S. Geological Survey Report on the San Francisco Earthquake of April 18,1906. (Possible photograph by Frank Soule) On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Ruin of the $7,000,000 City Hall by earthquake and fire. The building ...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Mission Relief Headquarters. The barn of James Rolph Jr. on Guerrero Street was converted into the headquarters for Mission relief. Later, Rolph became Mayor of San Francisco and then governor. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Mission Relief Headquarters. The barn of James Rolph Jr. on Guerrero S...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Burnt-out truck of an inbound streetcar lies on Third Street between Market and Mission. The Call Building (left) at the corner of Third and Market streets. Mutual Savings Bank is across Market and Kearny. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Burnt-out truck of an inbound streetcar lies on Third Street between M...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

GROUND EFFECTS AND BUILDING DAMAGE On the east side of Howard Street near 17th Street in San Francisco all houses shifted toward the left. The three-story house dropped from its south foundation wall and leaned against the neighboring house. This area, called the Mission District, was a "fill" area along the former course of Mission Creek. It was an area of high-intensity shaking exceeded only by areas in close proximity to the fault. For blocks the land surface and paved streets were thrown into wave forms trending east and west. U.S. Geological Survey (Possible photograph by G.K. Gilbert)

GROUND EFFECTS AND BUILDING DAMAGE On the east side of Howard Street n...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: US Geological Survey Release Status: Release... More

As soldiers from the Presidio patrol with their Springfield 03 at ready, civilians queue up in bread lines for food in the aftermath of the quake. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

As soldiers from the Presidio patrol with their Springfield 03 at read...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

A gathering of autos, possibly a parking lot with chauffeurs and mechanics. On the left with the hood up is a 1907 Type H Locomobile 35 H.P. Touring Car. On the right, a pair of 1906 Cadillac Model M Light Touring Cars

A gathering of autos, possibly a parking lot with chauffeurs and mecha...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Soldiers from the Presidio stand amid the rubble of fallen buildings after the earthquake. The Hall of Records (dome) is in the background (right). On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Soldiers from the Presidio stand amid the rubble of fallen buildings a...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Panoramic View of Nearly Total Devastation of San Francisco Other Effects of the Disaster  "This view of the San Francisco ruins shows many square blocks completely leveled. The photograph was taken on May 1, 1906, almost a month after the disaster. Much of the debris had already been hauled away leaving only empty ash-blackened blocks. Rebuilding of small buildings had begun

Panoramic View of Nearly Total Devastation of San Francisco Other Effe...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: San Francisco Examiner Release Status: Relea... More

A group of laborers appear to be cleaning building blocks for later use in the rebuilding of San Francisco. A soldier with a Springfield Rifle 03 is picking up something. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

A group of laborers appear to be cleaning building blocks for later us...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Men ride horseback on an unidentified street showing some of the earthquake damage in the background. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Men ride horseback on an unidentified street showing some of the earth...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Soldiers from the Presidio patrol this area, looking north from the junction of Sansome and Bush Streets. The area is known as the insurance district of San Francisco. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Soldiers from the Presidio patrol this area, looking north from the ju...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Breadlines form up at Mission High School in the aftermath of the quake. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Breadlines form up at Mission High School in the aftermath of the quak...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

After the quake, the US Army took in many of the cities refugees at the Presidio and set them up in tent cities. This appears to be the Women and Childrens section. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

After the quake, the US Army took in many of the cities refugees at th...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Panoramic View of San Francisco in Flames Other Effects of the Disaster  "This panoramic view shows San Francisco in flames, five hours after the earthquake. The photograph taken from Mason Street at 10:00 A.M., April 18, 1906. There is little evidence of earthquake damage. Most of the city's downtown buildings appear to be intact, yet flames later partially or wholly destroyed these buildings. The fire continued unchecked for three days

Panoramic View of San Francisco in Flames Other Effects of the Disaste...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Noaa/Ngdc Release Status: Released to Public... More

As fires rage in the background, the newly of San Francisco gather at Union Square. The tall steel skeleton, then known as the Union League Building, was under construction at the time of the earthquake, later finished, and still standing on Geary Street. The Butler Building at right, also under construction at the time. Its walls peeled away during the earthquake and killed several people in buildings adjoining the structure. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000...

As fires rage in the background, the newly of San Francisco gather at ...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: [Complete] Scene Caption: As fires rage in the background, the newly homeless of San Francisco gather at Union Square. The tall steel skeleton, then known... More

A small group of San Franciscans now stands in rubble where 308 Van Ness Avenue once stood. In the background is whats left of City Hall. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

A small group of San Franciscans now stands in rubble where 308 Van Ne...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

A view along Market Street at the remains of the Call Building (domed) (right), the Mutual Bank Building (left), and the Chronicle Building (rear). On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

A view along Market Street at the remains of the Call Building (domed)...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Looking, toward the Call Building, northeast up Market Street. The Call Building is enveloped in smoke on the right side of the street. The fire engine is attempting to find water in a hydrant. Curved building on the left is the James Flood Building at Market and Powell, the Emporium is across the street. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Looking, toward the Call Building, northeast up Market Street. The Cal...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Bread line forms at the Signal Corps at the Presidio. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Bread line forms at the Signal Corps at the Presidio. On April 18, 190...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

The city of San Francisco on fire after the earthquake. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

The city of San Francisco on fire after the earthquake. On April 18, 1...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Like nomads settling in for a stay this is the largest tent refugee camp on the Presidio Reservation. United States Army General Hospital is in the background. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Like nomads settling in for a stay this is the largest tent refugee ca...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Fresh water is delivered via mule drawn barrel wagon to the refugees at a camp in the Presidio. Military personnel stand by as women and children bring buckets to fill. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Fresh water is delivered via mule drawn barrel wagon to the refugees a...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

An unidentified area of San Francisco suffers total devastation. Unknown woman poses for a picture. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

An unidentified area of San Francisco suffers total devastation. Unkno...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

A view of busy Market Street looking southward. This shot may be taken just before the earthquake hit. There is no date on the photo. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

A view of busy Market Street looking southward. This shot may be taken...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Close-up view of refugees fleeing along Grove Street from the Ham & Egg fire. This fire started in a house on the south side of Hayes Street when a woman started a fire in her stove to make breakfast around 9 AM. The chimney was defective due to the quake and fire broke out. This fire burned more territory than any other single fire, since all fire departments were engaged elsewhere no concentrated attack was possible, so the fire spread out of control reaching Gough and Grove Streets. The fire caused the destruction of the Mission district as well as the Hayes Valley section, including the Mechanics' Pavilion and the City Hall. The earthquake hit at 5:12:05 AM, measuring 8.25 on the...

Close-up view of refugees fleeing along Grove Street from the Ham & Eg...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: [Complete] Scene Caption: Close-up view of refugees fleeing along Grove Street from the Ham & Egg fire. This fire started in a house on the south side of ... More

Refugee camp overlooks the damaged city of San Francisco. This camp might be on Mission Dolores Park. Note the Ladies and Mens facilities. In the distance are domes of the City Hall (left) and the Call Building (right). On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Refugee camp overlooks the damaged city of San Francisco. This camp mi...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

US Army soldiers from the Presidio pose for a group shot, with their Springfield 03 rifles, in front of the ruins of the Hall of Justice. The troops aided the local police force in keeping order and protection for the citizens of the devastated city. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

US Army soldiers from the Presidio pose for a group shot, with their S...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Looking down Fourth Street just off Market Street, soldiers patrol the devastated area. An unidentified building is still standing. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Looking down Fourth Street just off Market Street, soldiers patrol the...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

Panoramic View of San Francisco on April 1909 three years after the massive 8.25 earthquake of 1906. The view from 1000 feet above Jones and Washington Street, looking eastward. Goat Island (now Yerba Buena Island) in the San Francisco Bay, is in the upper far left. Mason Street cuts across right corner. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

Panoramic View of San Francisco on April 1909 three years after the ma...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: R. J. Waters Release Status: Released to Pub... More

The burning of San Francisco. Reproduced from the only photograph that shows the entire scope and extent of this awful conflagration the worst in the history of the world. Fire line over three miles long, property loss three hundred million dollars. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

The burning of San Francisco. Reproduced from the only photograph that...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Harry Sterling Hooper Release Status: Releas... More

A crowd gathers at Telegraph Hill to watch the burning of San Francisco. The view is looking south. On April 18, 1906 at 5:15 AM a quake of 8.25 on the Richter scale hit San Francisco. Greater destruction came from the fires afterwards. The city burned for three days. The combination destroyed 490 city blocks and 25,000 buildings, leaving 250,000 homeless and killing between 450 and 700. Estimated damages, over $350 million

A crowd gathers at Telegraph Hill to watch the burning of San Francisc...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Base: San Francisco State: California (CA) Country: United States Of America (USA) Scene Camera Operator: Unknown Release Status: Released to Public C... More

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s Maritime Raid Force prepare to engage their targets on the flight deck of the USS Essex (LHD 2) in the South China Sea, June 12, 2015. The MRF practices bo... More

U.S. Marine Sgt. Erik Maehler aims in on his target

U.S. Marine Sgt. Erik Maehler aims in on his target

U.S. Marine Sgt. Erik Maehler aims in on his target at a fire-and-maneuver range aboard Marine Corps Base Hawaii, May 11, 2015. Maehler is a team leader with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s Maritime Raid F... More

Cpl. Jeremy Chow, a Marine Corps Air Station Miramar

Cpl. Jeremy Chow, a Marine Corps Air Station Miramar

Cpl. Jeremy Chow, a Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Special Reactions Team (SRT) member, fires the M1911 Service Pistol during training at MCAS Miramar, Calif., May 15. The Marines conducted this training to h... More

A Marine with the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar

A Marine with the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar

A Marine with the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Special Reactions Team (SRT), fires the M1911 Service Pistol during training at MCAS Miramar, Calif., June 5. This training is regularly conducted to sharpen t... More

INDIAN OCEAN (Aug. 4, 2015) U.S. Navy Hospital Corpsman

INDIAN OCEAN (Aug. 4, 2015) U.S. Navy Hospital Corpsman

INDIAN OCEAN (Aug. 4, 2015) U.S. Navy Hospital Corpsman 3rd Class Jeremiah Zapata fires at a target with an M45 1911A1 pistol aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Essex (LHD 2). Zapata is a corpsman with the ... More

U.S. Marine Corps Sgt. Kyle Masucci with Marine Corps

U.S. Marine Corps Sgt. Kyle Masucci with Marine Corps

U.S. Marine Corps Sgt. Kyle Masucci with Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego shooting team poses for a photo during the Admiral Nimitz Cup at the Richmond Rod and Gun Club during San Francisco Fleet Week 2018,... More

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s Maritime Raid Force sight in on their targets aboard the USS Essex (LHD 2) at sea in the Pacific Ocean, June 1, 2015. These Marines frequently practice the... More

A U.S. Marine Corps major attends the kickoff gala

A U.S. Marine Corps major attends the kickoff gala

A U.S. Marine Corps major attends the kickoff gala for the Centennial of Naval Aviation celebration aboard the USS Midway Museum in San Diego, Calif., Feb. 12, 2011. The gala was the first of a yearlong series ... More

ARABIAN GULF (Oct. 5, 2015) U.S. Marine Cpl. Alex Daigle

ARABIAN GULF (Oct. 5, 2015) U.S. Marine Cpl. Alex Daigle

ARABIAN GULF (Oct. 5, 2015) U.S. Marine Cpl. Alex Daigle fires at his target with an M45 1911 A1 pistol during a deck shoot aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Essex (LHD 2). Daigle is a member of the 15th M... More

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s Maritime Raid Force fire at targets aboard Marine Corps Base Hawaii, May 10, 2015. The MRF is honing their marksmanship skills to maintain their combat rea... More

Marines with Company B, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion,

Marines with Company B, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion,

Marines with Company B, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division conduct a live-fire shoot during close-quarter tactics course at Camp Pendleton, Calif., Nov. 15, 2016. The eight week course teaches th... More

U.S. Marine Staff Sgt. Nicholas Rumple aims at his

U.S. Marine Staff Sgt. Nicholas Rumple aims at his

U.S. Marine Staff Sgt. Nicholas Rumple aims at his target during Certification Exercise (CERTEX) aboard the USS Essex (LHD 2) off the coast of San Diego April 10, 2015. Rumple is a member of the 15th Marine Exp... More

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

U.S. Marines with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit’s Maritime Raid Force practice room-entering procedures on the flight deck of the USS Essex (LHD 2) at sea in the Pacific Ocean, May 28, 2015. These Marines ... More

U.S. Marine Corps 1st. Lt. Christopher Scott with the

U.S. Marine Corps 1st. Lt. Christopher Scott with the

U.S. Marine Corps 1st. Lt. Christopher Scott with the Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego shooting team observes his target after shooting an M1911 from 50 yards at the Admiral Nimitz Cup at the Richmond Rod a... More

Spectators watch a simulated combat assault with various

Spectators watch a simulated combat assault with various

Spectators watch a simulated combat assault with various aircraft and vehicles during a Marine Air-Ground Task Force demonstration at the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Air Show aboard MCAS Miramar, Sept. 30.... More

Vanessa Martinez, 13, of Sequoia Middle School in

Vanessa Martinez, 13, of Sequoia Middle School in

Vanessa Martinez, 13, of Sequoia Middle School in Porterville, California, breathes a sigh of relief after delivering a speech on immigration as part of the California Cadet Corps’ Individual Major Awards (IMA)... More

Marines with 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine

Marines with 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine

Marines with 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division conduct their combat marksmanship program with the M1911A1 service pistol on Camp Pendleton, Calif., Aug. 30, 2016. The CMP focuses on combat marks... More

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The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives and Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. The Defense Visual Information Distribution Service provides a connection between world media and the American military personnel serving at home and abroad. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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