U.S. National Archives & DVIDS
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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Paleolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation.

England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the north (for example, the Lake District and Pennines) and in the west (for example, Dartmoor and the Shropshire Hills). The capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and, prior to Brexit, the European Union. England's population of 56.3 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom, largely concentrated around London, the South East, and conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, and Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century.

The Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland (through another Act of Union) to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

England Media

9,634 media by topicpage 1 of 97
Andrew Tester (left), Suffolk County Council archaeologist, explains the value of the archaeological treasure found on Royal Air Force (RAF) Mildenhall, UK, to US Air Force (USAF) Colonel (COL) Richard T. Devereaux (second from left), Commander, 100th Air Refueling Wing (ARW). When a new softball field was planned, Mr. Tester and his colleagues were called in to survey an area first and they discovered the artifacts. This body was not only the only find that the archaeologists found, there were several other remains, pottery, and coins. The dates for most of the finds are believed to be from the early Roman age, 43 - 410 C.E. (Common Era)), but some items could fall into the Neolithic...

Andrew Tester (left), Suffolk County Council archaeologist, explains t...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: [Complete] Scene Caption: Andrew Tester (left), Suffolk County Council archaeologist, explains the value of the archaeological treasure found on Royal Air... More

England, James - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
England, Archiblad - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
England, Richard W - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
England, Lige - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Parker, Matthew - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
England, Calvin - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Barnes, London - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
England, Powell - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
England, Jasper - Age 21, Year: 1863 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

England, Jasper - Age 21, Year: 1863 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Allen, London - State: Missouri - Year: 1864
President Wilson and King George V of England

President Wilson and King George V of England

Local Accession Number: CTG 0008..Description: President Wilson and King George V of England, outside of Buckingham Palace...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print,... More

President Wilson and King George V of England

President Wilson and King George V of England

Local Accession Number: CTG 0008..Description: President Wilson and King George V of England, outside of Buckingham Palace...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print,... More

President Wilson and King George V of England

President Wilson and King George V of England

Local Accession Number: CTG 0008..Description: President Wilson and King George V of England, outside of Buckingham Palace...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Cary T. Grayson Collection..Size: 8x10..Medium: Print,... More

England, Aaron - Age [Blank], Year: 1865 - 2d Regiment US Colored Light Artillery, Misc Cards - United States Colored Troops: Artillery Organizations

England, Aaron - Age [Blank], Year: 1865 - 2d Regiment US Colored Ligh...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

England, John - State: North Carolina - Year: 1865
England, Andy - Age [Blank], Year: 1865 - 12th US Colored Heavy Artillery, Wo-Y AND Misc Cards, B-H - United States Colored Troops: Artillery Organizations

England, Andy - Age [Blank], Year: 1865 - 12th US Colored Heavy Artill...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Group of Emigrants Waiting for Arrival of Ship, Southampton, England

Group of Emigrants Waiting for Arrival of Ship, Southampton, England

Public Health Service Historical Photograph File

Loud 17, Three young girls, St. Paul Island. Photograph by Gray & Hereford

Loud 17, Three young girls, St. Paul Island. Photograph by Gray & Here...

Photographs and Charts of Treasury Agent Abial P. Loud

Cornwall, Reuben E - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Sixth Infantry - West Virginia

Cornwall, Reuben E - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Sixth Infantry - Wes...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

England, Jasper - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

England, Jasper - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Miscellaneous Card Abst...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

England, Joseph - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Tenth Infantry - West Virginia

England, Joseph - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Tenth Infantry - West V...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Cornwall, Ashum - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Sixth Infantry - West Virginia

Cornwall, Ashum - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Sixth Infantry - West V...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

England, Joseph - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Fifteenth Infantry - West Virginia

England, Joseph - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Fifteenth Infantry - We...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

England, Jasper - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

England, Jasper - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Miscellaneous Card Abst...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

England, James - 1st Cavalry

England, James - 1st Cavalry

Age is [Blank]. Year listed as [BLANK]. Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Wiltshire, C A - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi First Light Artillery, Ty-Y

Wiltshire, C A - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi First Light...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

England, B C - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Invalid Corps AND Officers Surnamed Morgan, CSA AND President's Guard, CSA AND Misc. Records - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

England, B C - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Invalid Corps AND Officers...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Wiltshire, William G - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi First Light Artillery, Ty-Y

Wiltshire, William G - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi First...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

England, Thomas W - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Third Confederate Infantry, E-W - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

England, Thomas W - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Third Confederate Inf...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

England, J T - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi First Light Artillery, Dr-Go

England, J T - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi First Light A...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

England, Thomas N - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Third Confederate Infantry, E-W - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

England, Thomas N - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Third Confederate Inf...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

London, Carlos L - First Cavalry (Ninth State Troops)

London, Carlos L - First Cavalry (Ninth State Troops)

Age is [Blank]. Year listed as [BLANK]. Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

England, Hampton D - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi Twelfth Infantry, D-F

England, Hampton D - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi Twelfth...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

An Even Break in the Maritime Tug-of-War

An Even Break in the Maritime Tug-of-War

This illustration entitled, "An Even Break in the Maritime Tug-of-War", by cartoonist Clifford Berryman, which appeared in the Washington Evening Star on September 14, 1907, depicts the naval arms race between ... More

One Thing That England Does Better

One Thing That England Does Better

Berryman Political Cartoon Collection

King George of England watching tanks at maneuvers. 8-10-1918
U.S. troops attend services at Winchester Cathedral. England
Mines ready for issue, grangemouth minelaying base. England
The Lord Mayor of London in France

The Lord Mayor of London in France

British Photographs of World War I

Manufacturing artificial limbs at Roehampton, England
American soldiers attending services, Winchester, England
American troops passing through Winchester, England

American troops passing through Winchester, England

British Photographs of World War I

British woman worker in a factory. Bradford, England
American troops at Winchester Station, England

American troops at Winchester Station, England

British Photographs of World War I

American troops marching through London, England

American troops marching through London, England

British Photographs of World War I

Women workers in a boot factory. Leicestershire, Eng
German submarine at Harwich, England

German submarine at Harwich, England

British Photographs of World War I

American rest camp. England

American rest camp. England

British Photographs of World War I

German U-boats moored at Harwich, England

German U-boats moored at Harwich, England

British Photographs of World War I

Orchestra Room

Orchestra Room

Local Accession Number: PC 83..Description: Town Hall section at the 3rd Southern General Hospital in Oxford, England...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Collection of Anna Nevins..Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, Sepia.... More

German submarines moored at Harwich, England

German submarines moored at Harwich, England

British Photographs of World War I

Y.M.C.A. workers, Winnal Down rest camp. Winchester, England
American soldiers leaving England for the front

American soldiers leaving England for the front

British Photographs of World War I

American soldiers attending services, Winchester, England
Independence Day meeting, Westminster, England

Independence Day meeting, Westminster, England

British Photographs of World War I

Scene in one of England's Munition factories

Scene in one of England's Munition factories

British Photographs of World War I

Scene in a British munition factory. Sheffield, England
American soldiers leaving England for the front

American soldiers leaving England for the front

British Photographs of World War I

British seaplane in flight off Calshot- England

British seaplane in flight off Calshot- England

British Photographs of World War I

American troops marching through London, England

American troops marching through London, England

British Photographs of World War I

German U-boat tied up at Harwich, England

German U-boat tied up at Harwich, England

British Photographs of World War I

Y.M.C.A. Eagle Hut

Y.M.C.A. Eagle Hut

Local Accession Number: PC 92..Description: Signage for the Y.M.C.A. Eagle hut in London, England...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Collection of Anna Nevins..Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, Color..Date: 1914-1918

Assembly Room Ward

Assembly Room Ward

Local Accession Number: PC 89..Description: The Assembly Room Ward at the 3rd Southern General Hospital in Oxford, England...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Collection of Anna Nevins..Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, S... More

Y.M.C.A. Eagle Hut

Y.M.C.A. Eagle Hut

Local Accession Number: PC 92..Description: Signage for the Y.M.C.A. Eagle hut in London, England...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Collection of Anna Nevins..Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, Color..Date: 1914-1918

Orchestra Room

Orchestra Room

Local Accession Number: PC 83..Description: Town Hall section at the 3rd Southern General Hospital in Oxford, England...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Collection of Anna Nevins..Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, Sepia.... More

Grand Vestibule

Grand Vestibule

Local Accession Number: PC 87..Description: Grand Vestibule at the 3rd Southern General Hospital in Oxford, England...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Collection of Anna Nevins..Size: 3x5..Medium: Print, Sepia..D... More

American soldiers attending services, Winchester, England
American soldiers attending services, Winchester, England
Mines at Grangremouth mine laying base. England

Mines at Grangremouth mine laying base. England

British Photographs of World War I

Scene at British munition factory, Sheffield, England
Women at work in British munition factory

Women at work in British munition factory

British Photographs of World War I

King f England talking to Scottish soldiers. France

King f England talking to Scottish soldiers. France

British Photographs of World War I

Queen of England leaving a British hospital

Queen of England leaving a British hospital

British Photographs of World War I

U.S. National Archives & DVIDS

The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives and Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. The Defense Visual Information Distribution Service provides a connection between world media and the American military personnel serving at home and abroad. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

Disclaimer: A work of the U.S. National Archives and DVIDS is "a work prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties." In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain. This website is developed as a part of the world's largest public domain archive, PICRYL.com, and not developed or endorsed by the U.S. National Archives or DVIDS.  https://www.picryl.com

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