U.S. National Archives
U.S. National ArchivesPublic Domain ArchiveNot developed or endorsed by NARA. Part of the World's largest public domain source PICRYL.com.

Florida ( (listen), Spanish pronunciation: [floˈɾiða]) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. With a population of over 21 million, Florida is the third-most populous and the 22nd-most extensive of the 50 United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. The state's capital is Tallahassee and its most populous municipality is Jacksonville. The Miami metropolitan area, with a population of almost 6.2 million, is the most populous urban area in Florida and the seventh-most populous in the United States. Other urban areas in the state with a population of more than one million are Tampa Bay, Orlando, and Jacksonville. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth-largest of any U.S. state, and if it were a country, Florida would be the 16th-largest economy in the world.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ([la floˈɾiða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there. At various points in its colonial history, Florida was administered by Spain and Great Britain. Florida was admitted as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. Florida was the principal location of the Seminole Wars (1816 – 1858), the longest and most extensive of Indian Wars in United States history. Florida declared its secession from the Union on January 10, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States. After the Civil War, Florida was restored to the Union on June 25, 1868.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. It is the flattest state in the United States, and Lake Okeechobee is its largest freshwater lake.

The state's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of Florida culture and daily life. Florida is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; African, European, indigenous, Latino, and Asian heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing, and water sports. Several beaches in Florida have turquoise and emerald-colored coastal waters.

About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. Florida has a total of 4,510 islands that are ten acres (4 ha) or larger in area. This is the second-highest number of islands of any state; only Alaska has more. It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is at or near sea level, and is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U.S. state. The American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Roseate spoonbill, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, and manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south. Along with Hawaii, Florida is one of only two states that have a tropical climate, and is the only continental state that has both a tropical climate and a coral reef. The Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, and the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world (after the Great Barrier Reef and Belize Barrier Reef).

Florida Media

17,489 media by topicpage 1 of 175
Map of the Seat of War in Florida

Map of the Seat of War in Florida

This map of Florida was compiled by the order of Brigadier General Zachary Taylor and engraved by William James Stone. United States

Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Carysfort Reef, Florida

Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Carysfort Reef, Florida

Maps and Plans Relating to the Lighthouse at Carysfort Reef, Florida

Drawing of the Lighthouse Keeper's Dwelling at Jupiter Inlet, Florida
Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Jupiter Inlet, Florida

Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Jupiter Inlet, Florida

Lighthouse Plans for Jupiter Inlet, Florida

Drawing Showing Lantern Sections for the Lighthouse at Cape Canaveral, Florida
Evans, H R - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Mills, G W - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Neal, Florida - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Tuten, Jos D - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Adams, R E - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
McDonald, D K - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Myers, Florida - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Golson, Dixon - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Dancy, F S - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Waller, G R - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Abercrombie, P - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Gable, A - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Blanc, A H - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Garcia, Jose - State: Florida - Year: 1861
Garcia, Joseph - State: Florida - Year: 1861
Gainer, William A - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Pender, Jeremiah - State: Florida - Year: 1861
Tipton, C J - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Bennett, John W - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Adams, R C - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Walker, B A - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Palmer, Richard - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Hermandez, Manuel - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Ally, J - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]

Ally, J - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]

Papers Relating to Citizens

Pellicere, F E - State: Florida - Year: 1861
Green, Joab - State: Florida - Year: [Blank]
Fort Pickens, Fla., [and vicinity]. Showing the positions and strength of the Enemy's Batteries, so far as known by actual observation, and also of our own sand Batteries. [Signed] Lt. Walter McFarland, U. S. Corps Engineers, Fort Pickens, June 10, 1861.

Fort Pickens, Fla., [and vicinity]. Showing the positions and strength...

"Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Zehler, Jno G - State: Florida - Year: 1862
Raymond, Wm - State: Florida - Year: 1862
Hill, J - State: Florida - Year: 1862

Hill, J - State: Florida - Year: 1862

Papers Relating to Citizens

Meagher, Thomas - State: Florida - Year: 1862
Dyas, Lewis - State: Florida - Year: 1862
Aubrey, George - State: Florida - Year: 1862
Dubois, [Blank] - State: Florida - Year: 1862
Demeza, Raymond R - State: Florida - Year: 1862
Fernanda, John - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Brough, Walter - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Gay, George - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Edge, [Blank] - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Brock, James W - Age [Blank], Year: 1863 - Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry (1st Regiment, Alabama and Florida Cavalry), A-C - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

Brock, James W - Age [Blank], Year: 1863 - Fifteenth Confederate Caval...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Gardner, Edward - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Bridges, Jonathan - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Brewer, [Blank] - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Bateast, J P - Age [Blank], Year: 1863 - Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry (1st Regiment, Alabama and Florida Cavalry), A-C - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

Bateast, J P - Age [Blank], Year: 1863 - Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Barber, B F - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Peacock, J C - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Broadous, W - Age [Blank], Year: 1863 - Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry (1st Regiment, Alabama and Florida Cavalry), A-C - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

Broadous, W - Age [Blank], Year: 1863 - Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Munn, Nicholas - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Henderson, Andrew - State: Florida - Year: 1863
White, W E - State: Florida - Year: 1863

White, W E - State: Florida - Year: 1863

Papers Relating to Citizens

Porter, Flora C - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Edgecomb, T J - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Barker, K A N - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Ring, George - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Castro, Guilliams - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Gomillion, Jose - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Agnew, Hiram B - Age 18, Year: 1863 - Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry (1st Regiment, Alabama and Florida Cavalry), A-C - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

Agnew, Hiram B - Age 18, Year: 1863 - Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry (1...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Gomez, Jose - State: Florida - Year: 1863
Guthrie, Ruth - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Stroble, W E - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Chesnutt, John S - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Cone, S - State: Florida - Year: 1864

Cone, S - State: Florida - Year: 1864

Papers Relating to Citizens

Wilkinson, Caroline - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Wilkinson, Bryant - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Green, James - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Green, Isaac H - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Pendarvis, Anna - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Waldron, Mary - State: Florida - Year: 1864
Fedder, Harriet - State: Florida - Year: 1864

U.S. National Archives

The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

Disclaimer: A work of the U.S. National Archives is "a work prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties." In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain. This website is developed as a part of the world's largest public domain archive, PICRYL.com, and not developed or endorsed by the U.S. National Archives. https://www.picryl.com

Developed by GetArchive, 2015-2021