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Germany (German: Deutschland, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, listen), is a country in Central and Western Europe. Covering an area of 357,022 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), it lies between the Baltic and North seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before AD 100. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. Following the Napoleonic Wars and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the German Confederation was formed in 1815. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the semi-presidential Weimar Republic. The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, World War II, and the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, two new German states were founded: the Federal Republic of Germany, generally known as West Germany, and the German Democratic Republic, East Germany. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community and the European Union, while the German Democratic Republic was a communist Eastern Bloc state and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the fall of communism, German reunification saw the former East German states join the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990.

Today, Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor. With over 83 million inhabitants of its 16 constituent states, it is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Berlin, and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.

Germany is a great power with a strong economy; it has the largest economy in Europe, the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the fifth-largest by PPP. As a global leader in several industrial, scientific and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods. As a developed country, which ranks very high on the Human Development Index, it offers social security and a universal health care system, environmental protections, and a tuition-free university education. Germany is also a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, and the OECD. Known for its long and rich cultural history, Germany has many World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world.

Germany Media

98,637 media by topicpage 1 of 987
Members of the German military carry lit torches in honor of General (GEN) Charles L. Donnelly Jr., departing commander in chief, US Air Force Europe, and Allied Air Forces Central Europe. The Soldiers are participating in the"Grand Tatoo,"one of the West Germany military's highest honors

Members of the German military carry lit torches in honor of General (...

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Subject Operation/Series: NOMAD THRUST Base: Ramstein Air Base Country: West Germany (FRG) Scene Camera Operator: MSGT Patrick Nugent Release Status: ... More

U.S. Soldiers, assigned to 1st Inland Cargo Transfer

U.S. Soldiers, assigned to 1st Inland Cargo Transfer

U.S. Soldiers, assigned to 1st Inland Cargo Transfer Company, 18th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, line up for the consolidated motor pool formation at the 7th Army Joint Multinational Training Command, G... More

Paratroopers with the 16th Military Police Brigade,

Paratroopers with the 16th Military Police Brigade,

Paratroopers with the 16th Military Police Brigade, Fort Bragg, N.C. conducts the second annual canned food drive jump to benefit 2nd Harvest Food Bank, Fayetteville, N.C., Nov. 18, 2013, here. The German airbo... More

16th Sust. Bde. top Soldiers compete for Warrior, Warrior Leader of the Quarter

16th Sust. Bde. top Soldiers compete for Warrior, Warrior Leader of th...

Sixteenth Sustainment Brigade commander, Col. Keith Sledd, congratulates Spc. Keith Howse from the 70th Transportation Company, 391st Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, after awarding him the Army Achievemen... More

Sgt. Maj. Robert Yanez of the 903rd Contingency Contracting

Sgt. Maj. Robert Yanez of the 903rd Contingency Contracting

Sgt. Maj. Robert Yanez of the 903rd Contingency Contracting Battalion, part of the 409th Contracting Support Brigade, 21st Theater Sustainment Command; and Betsabe Colon, whose husband serves with the TSC’s 5th... More

An Afghan National Police officers, work closely with

An Afghan National Police officers, work closely with

An Afghan National Police officers, work closely with their U.S. Army mentors from 1st Platoon, Bull Troop, 1st Squadron, 2nd Stryker Cavalry Regiment, out of Vilseck, Germany, Oct. 27, to conduct joint patrols... More

16th Sustainment Brigade Task Force Knight advance

16th Sustainment Brigade Task Force Knight advance

16th Sustainment Brigade Task Force Knight advance team Soldier ground guides vehicles to conduct refuel-on-move operations at Barton Barracks, Ansbach, Germany, Feb. 9 in route to Zagan, Poland as part of DEFE... More

The 1st Armored Division Band, Fort Bliss, Texas, played

The 1st Armored Division Band, Fort Bliss, Texas, played

The 1st Armored Division Band, Fort Bliss, Texas, played the Army Song, the MP Regimental March as well as the National Anthem at the Change of Command and Change of Responsibility for 93D Military Police Batta... More

A U.S. Army Soldier with 5th Quartermaster Theater

A U.S. Army Soldier with 5th Quartermaster Theater

A U.S. Army Soldier with 5th Quartermaster Theater Aerial Delivery Company, 16th Special Troops Battalion puts away his parachute during Operation Toy Drop near the town of Alzey, Germany Dec. 18, 2019. Operati... More

Once separate now together in Poland

Once separate now together in Poland

Sgt. Amanda Smith, a religious affairs non-commissioned officer with the 3-227th Assault Helicopter Battalion based out of Fort Hood, Texas, holds hands with her husband, Sgt. James Smith, a technical inspector... More

U.S. Air Force Tech. Sgt. Nathan Cox, left, 52nd Maintenance

U.S. Air Force Tech. Sgt. Nathan Cox, left, 52nd Maintenance

U.S. Air Force Tech. Sgt. Nathan Cox, left, 52nd Maintenance Group quality assurance inspector, and Senior Airman Bradley Boatman, right, electronic warfare systems team member, discuss Combat Shield progress a... More

Maurice Williams, Baumholder Postal Service Center

Maurice Williams, Baumholder Postal Service Center

Maurice Williams, Baumholder Postal Service Center lead postal assistant, explains procedures to Spc. Krista Valero, 569th Human Resources Company. 569th HRC will support the center with a rotation of six Soldi... More

Paratroopers from the 173rd Airborne Brigade, Italian

Paratroopers from the 173rd Airborne Brigade, Italian

Paratroopers from the 173rd Airborne Brigade, Italian Folgore Brigade, the Polish 6th Airborne Brigade, and U.K.’s 16th Air Assault Brigade conduct airborne operations on the Maneuver Rights Area near Hohenfels... More

U.S. Soldiers use the new Gunfighter Gymnasium in Smith

U.S. Soldiers use the new Gunfighter Gymnasium in Smith

U.S. Soldiers use the new Gunfighter Gymnasium in Smith Barracks, Baumholder, Germany, Building No. 8572. The Gunfighter Gymnasium improves confidence, shooter mechanics, target acquisition and reaction time us... More

Spc. Matthew G. Kreps, 118th Military Police Company,

Spc. Matthew G. Kreps, 118th Military Police Company,

Spc. Matthew G. Kreps, 118th Military Police Company, 503d Military Police Battalion (Airborne), 16th Military Police Brigade, XVII Airborne Corps (Airborne) exchanges flags with Canadian jumpmaster Cpt. Andrew... More

[Germany - Leipzig - Consulate] Register of American Citizens

[Germany - Leipzig - Consulate] Register of American Citizens

United States Consular Records for Leipzig, Germany

Baden, Geo - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Baden, Joseph - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Hamburg, [Blank] - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Freiburg, [Blank] - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Baden, P W - State: Washington - Year: 1863
Amberg, Jacob - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Hamburger, M G - State: District of Columbia - Year: 1864
160526-A-PS499-001 26 May 2016 United States Army Europe

160526-A-PS499-001 26 May 2016 United States Army Europe

160526-A-PS499-001 26 May 2016 United States Army Europe and the Wiesbaden Community recognized Memorial Day Observance and Retreat Ceremony on Clay Kaserne, in Wiesbaden Germany. Brig. Gen. Markus Laubenthal p... More

Heidelberg, William H - Age 22, Year: [Blank] - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Heidelberg, William H - Age 22, Year: [Blank] - Miscellaneous Card Abs...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Berlin, David - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Eleventh Infantry - West Virginia

Berlin, David - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Eleventh Infantry - West ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Who'll bell the cat?

Who'll bell the cat?

This illustration entitled "Who'll Bell the Cat?", by cartoonist Clifford Berryman, which appeared in the Washington Post on July 29, 1898, shows the European powers, with their own designs on expansion, like r... More

Photograph of the Fratellini Clowns - Bureau of Indian Affairs

Photograph of the Fratellini Clowns - Bureau of Indian Affairs

Original caption: Famous Fratellini clowns bring Christmas joy to Berlin old aged home. Photographic File of the Paris Bureau of the New York Times

Photograph of Friends Arm in Arm at Carnival Time in Mittenwald, Bavaria

Photograph of Friends Arm in Arm at Carnival Time in Mittenwald, Bavar...

Original caption: Friends photographed arm in arm at carnival time in Mittenwald, Bavaria. Photographic File of the Paris Bureau of the New York Times

Herman, Bremen - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Twentieth Infantry, He - La - Louisiana

Herman, Bremen - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Twentieth Infantry, He -...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Hamburger, Charles - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Chalmette Regiment, Militia, C - L - Louisiana

Hamburger, Charles - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Chalmette Regiment, ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Germany, William C - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Eighth Confederate Cavalry, E-K - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

Germany, William C - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Eighth Confederate C...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Germany, C B - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Twentieth Infantry, E - Ha - Louisiana

Germany, C B - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Twentieth Infantry, E - Ha...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Germany, S M - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi C, G-He

Germany, S M - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi C, G-He

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Bremen, Joseph - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Sixteenth Infantry, A - Ca - Louisiana

Bremen, Joseph - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Sixteenth Infantry, A - ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Hamburg, Lawrence - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - First (Strawbridge's) Infantry, E - Ha - Louisiana

Hamburg, Lawrence - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - First (Strawbridge's)...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

An Even Break in the Maritime Tug-of-War

An Even Break in the Maritime Tug-of-War

This illustration entitled, "An Even Break in the Maritime Tug-of-War", by cartoonist Clifford Berryman, which appeared in the Washington Evening Star on September 14, 1907, depicts the naval arms race between ... More

Paratroopers of the 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment;

Paratroopers of the 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment;

Paratroopers of the 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment; the 54th Brigade Engineer Battalion; the 4th Battalion, 319th Field Artillery Regiment; and the 173rd Brigade Support Battalion conduct sustained airb... More

Former German observation post now used by the British. ST. Eloi
German gun emplacement destroyed by British artillery fire. Near Zonnebeke, Belgium
General V. Winterfeldt, Chief of the German Armistice Commission in Spa, Belgium
British troops playing hockey on the ice at Cologne

British troops playing hockey on the ice at Cologne

British Photographs of World War I

Russia. The German advance in the East. German troops with baggage sleds advance to Dorpat. February 28, 1918
German trenches near Langemarck, Belgium. 6-11-1917

German trenches near Langemarck, Belgium. 6-11-1917

British Photographs of World War I

Troops of the 29th British Division crossing Hohenzollerm Bridge at Cologne, Germany
Ruins of a former German stronghold. Near Arras, France. 10-17-1917
German cranes and Barges destroyed near Peronne, France. 1917
German machine gun

German machine gun

British Photographs of World War I

British troops entering Cologne, Germany. 12-14-1918
British troops passing over the Hohenzollern Bridge at Cologne, Germany. 1-8-1919
A statue which sprang up in one night. Elle Arreta Le Flot. The Spirit of Belgium stopping the German Hordes. Brussels, Belgium. 11-26-1918
Surrender of the German Fleet

Surrender of the German Fleet

British Photographs of World War I

Surrender of the German fleet. Light cruisers in line
British troops at Cologne, Germany. 1-8-1919

British troops at Cologne, Germany. 1-8-1919

British Photographs of World War I

Admiral Meurer, German Navy, coming aboard British flagship to arrange surrender of the German fleet
Germans coming out of a dug-out where they had been in hiding. Sailly-Laurette
Destruction caused by the Germans. Athies, France

Destruction caused by the Germans. Athies, France

British Photographs of World War I

American Red Cross - Groups - Left to right: Colonel Carl Taylor, O.I.C., American Red Cross Commission to Germany for repatriation of Russian prisoners of war, talking in his office with Captain T.H. Hickey of the polish Commission, Berlin, Germany

American Red Cross - Groups - Left to right: Colonel Carl Taylor, O.I....

Photographer: American Red Cross American Red Cross - Groups

British surgeon giving a wounded German a "Light"

British surgeon giving a wounded German a "Light"

British Photographs of World War I

German U-boats moored at Harwich, England

German U-boats moored at Harwich, England

British Photographs of World War I

Russia. German troops with baggage sleds on the march to Dorpat. February 28, 1918
German submarine at Harwich, England

German submarine at Harwich, England

British Photographs of World War I

Apple orchard destroyed by Germans. Etrelliers. Somme and Ancre Area
A shrine shattered by German artillery. Sailly La Bourse
German prisoners assist British soldiers to bring in the wounded. Near Messines, Ypres Salient and Area. 6-8-1917
One hundred German U-Boats

One hundred German U-Boats

British Photographs of World War I

Fampoux, France destroyed by German artillery

Fampoux, France destroyed by German artillery

British Photographs of World War I

British transport entering Germany

British transport entering Germany

British Photographs of World War I

Trees cut down by the Germans near Cambrai

Trees cut down by the Germans near Cambrai

British Photographs of World War I

Destruction of Reims Cathedral

Destruction of Reims Cathedral

Local Accession Number: PC 152..Description: Postcard depicting the destruction of the Reims Cathedral by the Germans on September 19, 1914...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Vaughn..Size: 5x3..Medium: Print, Bla... More

At a German prison camp. French and Russian Prisoners preparing their own meals
German barricade in the Somme and Ancre area. Near Serre, France
Captured German plane on its way to British aviation depot. Doullens Road. March 1917
Surrender of the German Fleet

Surrender of the German Fleet

British Photographs of World War I

In the captured Minsk. General von Bredow with the officers of his staff before the Russian Rader house
German submarines moored at Harwich, England

German submarines moored at Harwich, England

British Photographs of World War I

Scene during the surrender of the German fleet. British battle cruisers lead by H.M.S. "Queen Elizabeth" escorting German fleet
British patrol on their way to mop up German trenches. N.E. of Roeux
Ruins at Albert immediately after evacuation by the Germans. (Somme & Ancre Area) 8-23-1918
German prisoners unloading flour. Salonika Campaign

German prisoners unloading flour. Salonika Campaign

British Photographs of World War I

Major General John F. O'Ryan, U.S.A. with British officers near Langemarch, Belgium. German prisoners in background. 9-12-1917
Train set fire by Germans before they left Maubeuge

Train set fire by Germans before they left Maubeuge

British Photographs of World War I

American Red Cross - Groups - American Nurses and their patients at Budapest, Hungary. American Red Cross nurses and some of their convalescent patients at Budapest, Hungary, 1915. These nurses subsequently went to Russia to care for wounded German prisoners
Bridge destroyed by the Germans. Near Roye

Bridge destroyed by the Germans. Near Roye

British Photographs of World War I

Motor launch patrol at Cologne, Germany

Motor launch patrol at Cologne, Germany

British Photographs of World War I

German shell exploding within ten yards of photographer. Near Zennebeke, Belgium
Cleverly camouflaged German observation station at La Bassee. Ypres Salient and Area; 10/24/1918
Large German gun captured during the Cambrai offensive. Ribecourt, France
Houses destroyed by Germans. Boisleux ST. Mare, France
Type of German prisoner captured by British soldiers. 6-8-1917
British troops crossing over a bridge blown up by Germans. Near Douchy. 10-23-1918
Bridge at Menin destroyed by the Germans. Ypres Salient and Area. 10-18-1918
Battle of Menin Road. German wounded. Ypres Salient and Area. Belgium. 9-20-1917
British soldiers playing football. German shells can be seen exploding in the background. Dardanelles Campaign
German prisoners in British prison camp. Belgium

German prisoners in British prison camp. Belgium

British Photographs of World War I

German UC-5, captured by the British Navy

German UC-5, captured by the British Navy

British Photographs of World War I

German prisoners laying brick during Salonika Campaign
German U-boat tied up at Harwich, England

German U-boat tied up at Harwich, England

British Photographs of World War I

Abandoned German trench. November 1916

Abandoned German trench. November 1916

British Photographs of World War I

Destruction of Reims Cathedral

Destruction of Reims Cathedral

Local Accession Number: PC 152..Description: Postcard depicting the destruction of the Reims Cathedral by the Germans on September 19, 1914...Photographer: Unknown..Source: Vaughn..Size: 5x3..Medium: Print, Bla... More

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The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives and Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. The Defense Visual Information Distribution Service provides a connection between world media and the American military personnel serving at home and abroad. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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