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Mississippi ( (listen)) is a state in the Deep South region of the Southern United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee; to the east by Alabama; to the south by the Gulf of Mexico; to the southwest by Louisiana; and to the northwest by Arkansas. Mississippi's western boundary is largely defined by the Mississippi River. Mississippi is the 32nd largest and 34th-most populous of the 50 U.S. states. Jackson is both the state's capital and largest city. Greater Jackson is the state's most populous metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 580,166 in 2018.

On December 10, 1817, Mississippi became the 20th state admitted to the Union. By 1860, Mississippi was the nation's top cotton-producing state and enslaved persons accounted for 55% of the state population. Mississippi declared its secession from the Union on March 23, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States, which constituted the largest slaveholding states in the nation. Following the Civil War, it was restored to the Union on February 23, 1870.

Until the Great Migration of the 1930s, African Americans were a majority of Mississippi's population. Mississippi was the site of many prominent events during the civil rights movement, including the Ole Miss riot of 1962 by white students objecting to desegregation, the 1963 assassination of Medgar Evers, and the 1964 Freedom Summer murders of three activists working on voting rights. With large areas of agriculture and rural towns, Mississippi frequently ranks low among states in measures of health, education, and development, and high in measures of poverty. In 2010, 37.3% of Mississippi's population was African American, the highest percentage of any state.

Mississippi is almost entirely within the Gulf coastal plain, and generally consists of lowland plains and low hills. The northwest remainder of the state consists of the Mississippi Delta, a section of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain. Mississippi's highest point is Woodall Mountain at 807 feet (246 m) above sea level adjacent to the Cumberland Plateau; the lowest is the Gulf of Mexico. Mississippi has a humid subtropical climate classification.

Mississippi Media

23,491 media by topicpage 1 of 235
Map of the Mississippi Country

Map of the Mississippi Country

"Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Drawing Showing the Proposed Lighthouse at the Mouth of the Mississippi River, Louisiana

Drawing Showing the Proposed Lighthouse at the Mouth of the Mississipp...

Records Relating to the Lighthouse at the Mississippi River, Louisiana

Elevation Drawing and Plan for the Proposed Lighthouse Dwelling at Cat Island, Mississippi

Elevation Drawing and Plan for the Proposed Lighthouse Dwelling at Cat...

Map and Plan Relating to the Lighthouse at Cat Island, Mississippi

Map of the Province of Texas

Map of the Province of Texas

This map was captured from the Ninth Division of the Imperial Mexican Army during the Mexican-American War. Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Texas, and all areas between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

Galveston, Texas. . . Prepared by Order of Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks. Maj. D. C. Houston, Chief Engineers... Authorities, Coast Survey Charts [and] Reconnoissances by W. S. Long, Asst. Engr., in Decr. 1862, Giving information furnished by refugees, Apr. 15th, 1864. Drawn by H. Holtz.

Galveston, Texas. . . Prepared by Order of Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks. Maj....

Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Texas, and all areas between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

Map of Galveston, Texas, Showing the Rebel Line of Works. Surveyed and Drawn by order of G. L. Gillespie, Brevet Major and Chief Engr., Mil. Div. of the Gulf, Under the Direction of Lt. S. E. McGregory, Comdg. Topl. Party, by Pl. St. Vignes, Asst.

Map of Galveston, Texas, Showing the Rebel Line of Works. Surveyed and...

Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Texas, and all areas between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

Atchafalaya Basin. Prepared by order of Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks. Henry L. Abbot, Capt. & Chief Top. Eng'rs., Feb. 8th, 1863 [with annotations pertaining to the campaign in April and May 1863].

Atchafalaya Basin. Prepared by order of Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks. Henry L...

This maps covers area in Louisiana. Louisiana and the Mississippi River

Country around Alexandria from sketch made by order of Brig. Gen. R. Arnold, Chf. of Cavalry, by Lieut. E. C. Miles, 5th Engrs., Co. A

Country around Alexandria from sketch made by order of Brig. Gen. R. A...

This maps covers area in Louisiana. Louisiana and the Mississippi River

Map of the Picket-Roads, Springfield, Mo., 1862. Surveyed & Platted, October 1862, Springfield, Mo. Copied April 1863. C. F. Eichacker, Lieut. & Eng. in charge of Fortifications.

Map of the Picket-Roads, Springfield, Mo., 1862. Surveyed & Platted, O...

Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Texas, and all areas between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

Munce, Thomas Q - Age: 18, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Twelfth Infantry, Me-Pe

Munce, Thomas Q - Age: 18, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Twelfth Infantry, ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Harris, Oliver - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Third Infantry, G-K

Harris, Oliver - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Third Infantry...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Newman, B F - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Durring, B J - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Porter, William - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Sixteenth Infantry, A, N-Ri

Porter, William - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Sixteenth Inf...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Wallace, P - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Bullock, R M - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fifteenth Infantry, A-B

Bullock, R M - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fifteenth Infant...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Gilliland, William S - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteenth Infantry, F-H

Gilliland, William S - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteen...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Cullom, A - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Heathcock, J K P - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Third Infantry, G-K

Heathcock, J K P - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Third Infant...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Ewing, B D - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Cox, Francis M - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantry, Co-F

Cox, Francis M - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantr...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Dozier, Richard H - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantry, Co-F

Dozier, Richard H - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infa...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Braden, R R - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Scrimshire, Willis P - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteenth Infantry, P-Sp

Scrimshire, Willis P - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteen...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Gaunt, William - Age: 41, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Jeff Davis Legion, Cavalry, G-K

Gaunt, William - Age: 41, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Jeff Davis Legion, ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Hinsiker, G - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Wilson, J B - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Coward, David - Age: 25, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantry, Co-F

Coward, David - Age: 25, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantry, Co-...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Coward, David - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantry, Co-F

Coward, David - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantry...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Barnett, J W - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Third Infantry (State Troops), S-Y AND Third Infantry, A-B

Barnett, J W - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Third Infantry (...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Herod, A J - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Doran, H - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Gattin, J B - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Stone, Benjamin F - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Third Infantry, St-Z AND Third Infantry (Army of 10,000)

Stone, Benjamin F - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Third Infan...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Winingham, James H - Age: 21, Year: 1861 - Mississippi C, U-Z

Winingham, James H - Age: 21, Year: 1861 - Mississippi C, U-Z

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Wade, D W - Age: 35, Year: 1861 - Mississippi First (Percy's) Infantry (Army of 10,000) AND First Battalion, Infantry (Army of 10,000)

Wade, D W - Age: 35, Year: 1861 - Mississippi First (Percy's) Infantry...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Gallagher, J - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Darnal, William T - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Nineteenth Infantry, Cr-F

Darnal, William T - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Nineteenth ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Kersey, Thomas - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Capt. Darden's CO., Light Artillery (Jefferson Artillery), M-W AND Capt. English's Co., Light Artillery AND Capt. Graves' Co., Light Artillery (Issaquena Artillery) AND Capt. Hoole's Co., Light Artillery (Hudson Battery), A-G

Kersey, Thomas - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Capt. Darden's...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Radliff, W W - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Howard, Edward - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Elam, M - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Conn, J M - Age: 19, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourth Infantry (State Troops) AND Fifth Infantry, A-C

Conn, J M - Age: 19, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourth Infantry (State T...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Commander, J M - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourth Infantry (State Troops) AND Fifth Infantry, A-C

Commander, J M - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourth Infantr...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Collum, A - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
McGarrah, J - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Reinmon, H S - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Bryant, John W - Age: 35, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteenth Infantry, A-Ca

Bryant, John W - Age: 35, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteenth Infantry...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Daniel, E M - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Harten, J D - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteenth Infantry, F-H

Harten, J D - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteenth Infant...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Randall, J W - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Brumback, Charles - Age: 30, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Twentieth Infantry, A-B

Brumback, Charles - Age: 30, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Twentieth Infant...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Sellers, Vallentine - Age: 21, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Jeff Davis Legion, Cavalry, N-Sp

Sellers, Vallentine - Age: 21, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Jeff Davis Leg...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Knight, George - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Statnaker, A W - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Beyson, A D - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Simon, F D - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Ninth Infantry, Q-Sp

Simon, F D - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Ninth Infantry, Q-...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Tate, William S - Age: 21, Year: 1861 - Mississippi First (Johnston's) Infantry, N-Y

Tate, William S - Age: 21, Year: 1861 - Mississippi First (Johnston's)...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Duffhy, W L - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Jeff Davis Legion, Cavalry, Co-F

Duffhy, W L - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Jeff Davis Legion...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Massie, Josiah W - Age: 28, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Twelfth Infantry, L-Mc

Massie, Josiah W - Age: 28, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Twelfth Infantry,...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Preston, J - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Thomas, William - Age: 20, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fifth Infantry, S-Y

Thomas, William - Age: 20, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fifth Infantry, S-...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Corcoran, J Henry - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Seventh-Infantry, C-E

Corcoran, J Henry - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Seventh-Inf...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Flowers, L G - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantry, Co-F

Flowers, L G - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Eighth-Infantry,...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Harten, W T - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteenth Infantry, F-H

Harten, W T - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fourteenth Infant...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Meader, J C - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fifth Infantry, Me-R

Meader, J C - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fifth Infantry, M...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Statham, P B - State: Mississippi - Year: [Blank]
Feely, Thomas - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fifteenth Infantry, E-Ha

Feely, Thomas - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi Fifteenth Infan...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Sellers, Henry - Age: 18, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Capt. Swett's Co., Light Artillery (Warren Light Artillery), P-W AND Capt. Turner's Co., Light Artillery AND Capt. Yates' Battery, Light Artillery

Sellers, Henry - Age: 18, Year: 1861 - Mississippi Capt. Swett's Co., ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Johnston, H B - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi First Cavalry, E-J

Johnston, H B - Age: [Blank], Year: 1861 - Mississippi First Cavalry, ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Topographical Sketch of the Routes from Little Piney Ford on Gasconade River to Rolla. By H. A. Ulffers.

Topographical Sketch of the Routes from Little Piney Ford on Gasconade...

Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Texas, and all areas between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

Gally, D B - State: Mississippi - Year: 1862
Edwards, W B - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Second Battalion, Infantry, A-P

Edwards, W B - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Second Battalion...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Adams, B L - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Second Battalion, Infantry, A-P

Adams, B L - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Second Battalion, ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Yaun, James H - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Capt. Rhodes' Co., Partisan Rangers, Cavalry AND Capt. Russell's Co., Cavalry AND Capt. Semple's Co., Cavalry AND Capt. Shelby's Co., (Bolivar Greys), Cavalry AND Capt. Smyth's Co., Partisan Rangers AND Capt. Stewart's Co. (Yalobusha Rangers) AND Stockdale's Battalion Cavalry

Yaun, James H - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Capt. Rhodes' C...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Vanderburg, C G - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Twenty-eighth Cavalry, Sm-V

Vanderburg, C G - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Twenty-eighth...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Thompson, Henry L - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Third Infantry, St-Z AND Third Infantry (Army of 10,000)

Thompson, Henry L - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Third Infan...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Barfield, George W - Age: 23, Year: 1862 - Mississippi Twenty-eighth Cavalry, A-B

Barfield, George W - Age: 23, Year: 1862 - Mississippi Twenty-eighth C...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Metheny, E O - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi C, Me-Pa

Metheny, E O - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi C, Me-Pa

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Foxworth, Alex E S - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Thirty-eighth Cavalry, D-H

Foxworth, Alex E S - Age: [Blank], Year: 1862 - Mississippi Thirty-eig...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

U.S. National Archives

The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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