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New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México [ˈnweβo ˈmexiko] (listen); Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo [joː˩tʰo˥ ha˩hoː˩tso˩]) is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México (itself established as a province of New Spain in 1598), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona. New Mexico is also bordered by the state of Texas to the east-southeast, Oklahoma to the northeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With an estimated population of 2,096,829 as of the July 1, 2019, U.S. Census Bureau estimate, New Mexico is the 36th largest state by population. With a total area of 121,590 sq mi (314,900 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

The economy of New Mexico is dependent on oil drilling, mineral extraction, dryland farming, cattle ranching, acequia and landrace agriculture, lumber milling, retail trade, scientific research laboratories, technological development, as well as the arts, especially textiles and visual arts. As of 2018, its total gross domestic product (GDP) was $101 billion with a GDP per capita of $45,465. State tax policy results in low to moderate taxation of resident personal income compared to most U.S. states, with special consideration for military personnel, and gives tax credits and exemptions to favorable industries. Because of this, its film industry has grown and contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy. Due to its large area and economic climate, New Mexico has a large U.S. military presence marked notably with the White Sands Missile Range. Various U.S. national security agencies base their research and testing arms in New Mexico, such as the Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories. During the 1940s, Project Y of the Manhattan Project developed and built the country's first atomic bomb and nuclear test, Trinity.

Inhabited by Native Americans for many thousands of years before European exploration, it was colonized by the Spanish in 1598 as part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1563, it was named Nuevo México after the Aztec Valley of Mexico by Spanish settlers, more than 250 years before the establishment and naming of the present-day country of Mexico; thus, the present-day state of New Mexico was not named after the country today known as Mexico. After Mexican independence in 1821, New Mexico became a Mexican territory with considerable autonomy. This autonomy was threatened, however, by the centralizing tendencies of the Mexican government from the 1830s onward, with rising tensions eventually leading to the Revolt of 1837. At the same time, the region became more economically dependent on the United States. At the conclusion of the Mexican–American War in 1848, the United States annexed New Mexico as the U.S. New Mexico Territory. It was admitted to the Union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912.

Its history has given New Mexico the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, and the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a population proportion (after Alaska). New Mexico is home to part of the Navajo Nation, 19 federally recognized Pueblo communities of Puebloan peoples, and three different federally recognized Apache tribes. In prehistoric times, the area was home to Ancestral Puebloans, Mogollon, and the modern extant Comanche and Utes inhabited the state. The largest Hispanic and Latino groups represented include the Hispanos of New Mexico, Chicanos, and Mexicans. The New Mexican flag features the state's Spanish origins with the same scarlet and gold coloration as Spain's Cross of Burgundy, along with the ancient sun symbol of the Zia, a Puebloan tribe. These indigenous, Hispanic, Mexican, Latin, and American frontier roots are reflected in the eponymous New Mexican cuisine and the New Mexico music genre.

New Mexico Media

14,624 media by topicpage 1 of 147
Hasson, William - State: New Mexico - Year: 1848 - File Number: H182
Price, Sterling - State: New Mexico - Year: 1848 - File Number: P461
Ralls, John - State: New Mexico - Year: 1848 - File Number: R117
Phelps, John S - State: New Mexico - Year: 1859 - File Number: P33
[Blank], [Blank] - State: New Mexico - Year: 1860 - File Number: I23
Holloway, E B - State: New Mexico - Year: 1860 - File Number: H299
[Blank], [Blank] - State: New Mexico - Year: 1860 - File Number: H294
Williams' Tourists' Map of Colorado and the San Juan Mines

Williams' Tourists' Map of Colorado and the San Juan Mines

New Mexico, Utah, California, Oregon, and Washington

[Blank], [Blank] - State: New Mexico - Year: 1860 - File Number: I1
Hollway, E B - State: New Mexico - Year: 1860 - File Number: H299
Clements, R E - State: New Mexico - Year: 1861
Ashurst, Thomas - State: New Mexico - Year: 1861
Brown, Charles - State: New Mexico - Year: [Blank]
Winne, Jobn - State: New Mexico - Year: [Blank]
Banola, Susa Marie - State: New Mexico - Year: 1861
Pino, Recardo - State: New Mexico - Year: 1862
Map of Colorado Territory Embracing the Central Gold Region

Map of Colorado Territory Embracing the Central Gold Region

New Mexico, Utah, California, Oregon, and Washington

Dickinson, Edward - State: New Mexico - Year: 1862
Annala, Gaudalupe - State: New Mexico - Year: 1862
Gallegos, J M - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Parsons, James White - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Derosier, M - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
McLin, William Alexander - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Bevin, Peter - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Ustedis, Pedro - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Aguirre, Courado - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Corrillo, Leopold - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Dufort, Eli - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Morrow, Samuel C - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Barbin, John B - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Rickman, A - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Coburn, Hager - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Amburg, Jacob - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Cograve, Martin G - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Enearl, [Blank] - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Ochoa, Esteban - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Easterbrook, M - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Cosgrove, Frank - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Gonzales, Jose - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Burnett, Thomas - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Bombach, Otto - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Duval, Alexander - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Dome, John - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Amberg, Jacob - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Garcia, Pedro - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Ambergey, William - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Bevan, Peter - State: New Mexico - Year: 1863
Atkinson, Wm C - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Baca, Domings - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Bowman, A W - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Cushing, George - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Duff, G W - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Phelps, Corwin - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
McGee, James - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Connell, J O - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Williamson, A S - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Ferguson, C S - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Nickleson, James - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Woody, Robert - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Ewing, A S - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Burdan, [Blank] - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
McGrath, Daniel - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Callum, Henry - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Yonts, Peter - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Garcia, A J - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Thackham, James - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Gotthiel, [Blank] - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Pefugio, Lena - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Coast of Texas and Its Defences. Capt. Tipton Walker, Chief of Topo-Bureau of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, drawn by P. Helferich, Asst. Engr., 1864.
Nichell, James - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Niles, Henry C - State: New Mexico - Year: 1864
Duffy, John - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Faringhy, Louis C - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Hogins, Alexander - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Stebins, Andrew S - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Caballero, Jesus - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Moody, Robert - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Carr, Henry - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Knowles, Byron A - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Dowell, Benjamin S - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Phelps, R S - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Dameron, Daniel - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Stanley, Stephen - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Quick, Robert B - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Craig, John - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Apler, A C - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Hinedel, Paul - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Pelzer, Joseph - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Winslow, Conrad - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Farringhy, Louis C - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Zeigler, Andrew - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Dudley, G - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Piles, Joseph - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
Dennis, Joseph - State: New Mexico - Year: 1865
White, W - State: New Mexico - Year: 1866
Donnelly, Martin P - State: New Mexico - Year: 1866
Billy the Kid Trail - Casa de Patron

Billy the Kid Trail - Casa de Patron

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Original Caption: Billy the Kid was remanded at Casa de Patron for several weeks in 1879. Location: New Mexico (33.491° N 105.384° W) Status: Public dom... More

Crude Products: Christmas Greens - New Mexico

Crude Products: Christmas Greens - New Mexico

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Administrative Structures - New Mexico, National Forest Service photograph.

Administrative Structures - New Mexico, National Forest Service photog...

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Cattle Grazing - New Mexico, National Forest Service photograph.

Cattle Grazing - New Mexico, National Forest Service photograph.

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

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The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives and Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. The Defense Visual Information Distribution Service provides a connection between world media and the American military personnel serving at home and abroad. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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