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Ohio (listen) is a state in the East North Central region of the Midwestern United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th-largest by area, and with a population of nearly 11.7 million, is the seventh-most populous and tenth-most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus, with the Columbus metro area, Greater Cincinnati, and Greater Cleveland being the largest metropolitan areas. Ohio is bordered by Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Indiana to the west, and Michigan to the northwest. Ohio is historically known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes".

The state takes its name from the Ohio River, whose name in turn originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo', meaning "good river", "great river", or "large creek". Ohio arose from the lands west of Appalachia that were contested from colonial times through the Northwest Indian Wars of the late 18th century. It was partitioned from the resulting Northwest Territory, which was the first frontier of the new United States, and became the 17th state admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, and the first under the Northwest Ordinance. Ohio was the first post-colonial free state admitted to the union, and became one of the earliest and most influential industrial powerhouses in the 20th century; although it has transitioned to a more information and service based economy in the 21st century, Ohio remains an industrial state, ranking seventh in GDP as of 2019, with the third largest manufacturing sector and second largest automobile production.

The government of Ohio is composed of the executive branch, led by the governor; the legislative branch, consisting of the bicameral Ohio General Assembly; and the judicial branch, led by the state Supreme Court. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives. The state is known for its status as both a swing state and a bellwether in national elections. Eight presidents of the United States have come from Ohio, the most of any state, which has moniker "the Mother of Presidents".

Ohio Media

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Township Plat for Ohio Seven Ranges: Range 3, Township 2
Camp Nelson and Its Defences, Jessamine Co., Ky. Surveys, made by order of Lt. Col. J. H. Simpson, Chief Eng., Dept. of the Ohio, during the winter of 1863 & 1864, under the direction J. R. Gilliss, Ast. U. S. Eng., by Messrs. R. Moore, F. T. Hampton, & C. Slayton.

Camp Nelson and Its Defences, Jessamine Co., Ky. Surveys, made by orde...

"Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Mott, John S - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Mott, John S - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Donahue, M H - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Donahue, M H - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Dies, Peter E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Dies, Peter E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Murdock, Lettie - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Harrison, G W - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Harrison, G W - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Butcher, Burr - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Butcher, Burr - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Ashby, Angelin - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Strobel, Ann - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Strobel, Ann - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Freer, Jno H - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Freer, Jno H - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Stanwood, L - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Stanwood, L - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Winn, A H - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Winn, A H - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Black, E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Black, E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Berkemier, W - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Berkemier, W - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Berns, Hermann - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Zill, Sylvanus - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Cheuvront, B - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Cheuvront, B - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Austin, M E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Austin, M E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Richard, James P - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Workum, L J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Workum, L J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Buckley, James S - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Welling, G A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Welling, G A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Wellman, S - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Wellman, S - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Ridenour, [Blank] - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Floyd, Elizabeth A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Caller, Frank - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Caller, Frank - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Baker, E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Baker, E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Crawford, Wm - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Crawford, Wm - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Clark, Michieal - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Young, G J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Young, G J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Bennett, N D - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Bennett, N D - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Burns, B M - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Burns, B M - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

McGinnine, Jas - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Caver, Jas - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Caver, Jas - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Wroe, George V - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Angle, Arthur - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Angle, Arthur - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Fitz, Thos - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Fitz, Thos - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Bassel, [Blank] - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Bassett, Steven - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Bartlebaugh, Geo J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Bartlett, Hamilton - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Bartlett, P L - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Bartlett, P L - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Baschforld, H T C - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Barrett, Samuel E - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Brubaker, John C - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Burns, R - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Burns, R - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Aubrey, George W - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
McGrew, T P - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

McGrew, T P - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

McGrew, J C - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

McGrew, J C - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Riggs, J L - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Riggs, J L - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Stul, [Blank] - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Stul, [Blank] - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Watson, O - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Watson, O - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Huey, John - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Huey, John - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Miller, W - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Miller, W - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Taylor, Edgar - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Taylor, Edgar - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Taylor, G - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Taylor, G - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Firmfort, [Blank] - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Eisman, Theodore - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Harlly, Edgar M - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
McCoy, W F - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

McCoy, W F - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

McDaniel, G A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

McDaniel, G A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Pierce, Mary - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Pierce, Mary - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Dunnington, W L - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Offut, F - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Offut, F - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

McConahay, J M - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Hitchcock, W P - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Rankin, Jas - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Rankin, Jas - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Raymond, A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Raymond, A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

McCrum, Somers - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Tile, Mart - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Tile, Mart - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Props, Elisabeth - State: Ohio - Year: 1861
Ragan, Jno - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Ragan, Jno - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Rex, John T - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Rex, John T - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Randall, F - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Randall, F - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Hoy, Daniel - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Hoy, Daniel - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Reincke, H - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Reincke, H - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Reitz, Thomas - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Reitz, Thomas - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Woolf, A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Woolf, A - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Myre, Daviel - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Myre, Daviel - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Harbaugh, J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Harbaugh, J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Harby, Ling - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Harby, Ling - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Tuman, Temp - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Tuman, Temp - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Weiler, J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Weiler, J - State: Ohio - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

U.S. National Archives

The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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