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Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Various Indigenous peoples inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years before European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British Parliament.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government. The country is a Commonwealth realm and is officially bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.

As a highly developed country, Canada has the seventeenth-highest nominal per-capita income globally as well as the thirteenth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index. Its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.

Canada Media

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Chart of the Siege and Defense of Fort Erie

Chart of the Siege and Defense of Fort Erie

"Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Canada, Wm - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Canada, J W - State: [Blank] - Year: [Blank]
Canada, Anthony - Age [Blank], Year: 1864 - 12th US Colored Heavy Artillery, Wo-Y AND Misc Cards, B-H - United States Colored Troops: Artillery Organizations

Canada, Anthony - Age [Blank], Year: 1864 - 12th US Colored Heavy Arti...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Canada, Jourdon - Age [Blank], Year: 1865 - 12th US Colored Heavy Artillery, Wo-Y AND Misc Cards, B-H - United States Colored Troops: Artillery Organizations

Canada, Jourdon - Age [Blank], Year: 1865 - 12th US Colored Heavy Arti...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Canada, William C - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Tenth Infantry - West Virginia

Canada, William C - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Tenth Infantry - West...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Burned -Over Areas - Canada

Burned -Over Areas - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging Camps and Crews - Canada

Logging Camps and Crews - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Shelterbelts: Windbreaks - Canada

Shelterbelts: Windbreaks - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Indian - Canada

Indian - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

River Scenes - Canada

River Scenes - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Historical Monuments - Canada

Historical Monuments - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Mining - Canada

Mining - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Seasoning and Shipping Lumber - Canada

Seasoning and Shipping Lumber - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Transportation: Log Drive - Canada

Logging: Transportation: Log Drive - Canada

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Canada, W J - 8th Cavalry

Canada, W J - 8th Cavalry

Age is [Blank]. Year listed as [BLANK]. Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Canada, C C - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi Third Infantry, C-F

Canada, C C - Age: [Blank], Year: [BLANK] - Mississippi Third Infantry...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Canada, W - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Third Infantry, C - D - Louisiana

Canada, W - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Third Infantry, C - D - Louis...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Canada, H C - 3d Cavalry (State Guards)

Canada, H C - 3d Cavalry (State Guards)

Age is [Blank]. Year listed as [BLANK]. Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Canada, O F - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Third Infantry, C - D - Louisiana

Canada, O F - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Third Infantry, C - D - Lou...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Canada, Thomas - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Second Confederate Infantry AND Third Confederate Infantry, A-D - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

Canada, Thomas - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Second Confederate Infan...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Canada, John - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Twentieth Confederate Cavalry, N-YAND Baxter's Battalion, Confederate Cavalry - Raised Directly by the Confederate Government

Canada, John - Age [Blank], Year: [Blank] - Twentieth Confederate Cava...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Untitled

Untitled

Berryman Political Cartoon Collection

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 airplanes at the Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Plant, Toronto, Canada. Tail construction of first Canadian J.N.4 machine

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 airpla...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for the U.S. Navy; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. The framework of the flying boat

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for ...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airplanes; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. Front view of De Haviland .6 machine

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airpla...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. F-5 boat under construction, wings being fitted, in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

American Red Cross - War Work - Cutting Department, Red Cross Depot, C Algary, Alberta, Canada

American Red Cross - War Work - Cutting Department, Red Cross Depot, C...

Photographer: American Red Cross American Red Cross - War Work

Ceremonies - Review in Theatre of Operations - American Troops - U.S. troops visit Toronto, Canada

Ceremonies - Review in Theatre of Operations - American Troops - U.S. ...

Original Caption: U.S. troops visit Toronto, Canada. The 3rd Battalion 363rd Regiment A.E.F. paid a visit to Toronto, Canada on June 23, 1918. Canadian officers are shown inspecting the American equipment. T... more

Airplanes - Historical - Fifteen aeroplanes of Canada. Recently at Hendom Aerodrome, Lord Londonderry, on behalf of British Government, presented to Canadian Military authorities a squadron of 15 aeroplanes subscribed for through Overseas Club and Patriotic League by residents in Canada and British people in all parts of world. General News Service

Airplanes - Historical - Fifteen aeroplanes of Canada. Recently at Hen...

Photographer: Central News Service Airplanes - Historical

Ceremonies - England, Italy - Sir John Hendrie, Lieut. Governor of Ontario, (in center with straw hat) Mayor Church of Toronto to the left, and Colonel Bickford to the right at the 4th of July celebration in Toronto, Canada; the first time in history that Canada celebrated the 4th of July

Ceremonies - England, Italy - Sir John Hendrie, Lieut. Governor of Ont...

Date Taken: 7/4/1918 Photographer: Underwood & Underwood Ceremonies - England, Italy

Chemical Warfare Service - Drills - Projectiles - Manufacturing 75 m/m gas shells.  Battery 3 1/2 low swing lathes used on 75 m/m gas shells in the plant of H. Mueller Manufacturing, Co., Ltd., Sarnia, Canada
Ceremonies - Miscellaneous Reviews and Camp Scenes - American troops parade in Canada

Ceremonies - Miscellaneous Reviews and Camp Scenes - American troops p...

Original Caption: American troops parade in Canada. For the first time in History, American troops in full war equipment in the Province of Quebec, Canada. They were reviewed by His Excellency The Duke of Dev... more

Airplanes - Accidents - Falling airplane collides with the railroad train in Canada. While an airman was doing various stunts in the air at Toronto, Canada, his engine suddenly went dead and the plane out of control shot at tremendous speed toward the ground. Upon landing it collided with locomotive of munitions train with result shown above

Airplanes - Accidents - Falling airplane collides with the railroad tr...

Date Taken: 4/5/1919 Photographer: Underwood & Underwood Airplanes - Accidents

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airplanes; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. View of dope room showing finsished wings

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airpla...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. Hull of F-5 under construction in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for the U.S. Navy; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. The front of the boat

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for ...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airplanes; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. First Canadian J.N.4 machine front side view

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airpla...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Canadian Airplanes, Ltd., Toronto

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Canadian Airplanes, Ltd., Toronto

Date Taken: 3/20/1917 Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. Laying the keel of F-5 flying boat in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. Completed hulls, showing wings uncovered in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. Completed hulls, showing wings uncovered in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. F-5 boat, loaded on train, ready for shipment, at plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

American Red Cross - Miscellaneous - Receiving Department, Red Cross Depot. Calgary, Alberta, Canada

American Red Cross - Miscellaneous - Receiving Department, Red Cross D...

Photographer: American Red Cross American Red Cross - Miscellaneous

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airplanes; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. Final Assembly

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airpla...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airplanes; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. J.N.4 machine

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airpla...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Canadian Airplanes, Ltd., Toronto

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Canadian Airplanes, Ltd., Toronto

Date Taken: 3/15/1917 Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for the U.S. Navy; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. Boat nearing completion

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for ...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Canadian Airplanes, Ltd., Toronto

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Canadian Airplanes, Ltd., Toronto

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. Completed hulls, showing wings uncovered in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. F-5 boat, showing Liberty Motors being installed, in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

American Red Cross - Groups - American Women's Hospitals Unit of American Red Cross who sailed on the "DUCA D'AOSTA" Feb. 15, 1919. Left to right: Doctors Marjorie Burnham; Katherine C. Cook; Sara Foulks; Alberta Greene; Marion Stevens (dentists); Lula Hunt Peters; Harriet M. Gervais; Mary H. Elliott; Marie Hyndman (dentist); Nell Bartram; Dora E. Bowman (Chief of the Unit). This unit is going to Serbia to assit the Red Cross there in combating sickness and disease that is ravishing the land

American Red Cross - Groups - American Women's Hospitals Unit of Ameri...

Photographer: AM. Women's Hosp., N.Y. American Red Cross - Groups

American Red Cross - Uniforms - The Red Cross Town and Country nurse, in her plain blue gingham dress with soft collar and cufts, her panama hat and her emergency kit is a beloved figure in rural communities scattered from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Canada to Mexico. Her insignia is the Red Cross pin. To her district she is nurse, mother, sister, teacher, and fairy-godmother. In a week she attends the sick, instructs mothers, gives school children lessons in hygiene, organizes health committees and clubs, brings clean- up and public welfare campaigns to the country, apparantly carrying in her bag a new lease of life for all to whom it opens

American Red Cross - Uniforms - The Red Cross Town and Country nurse, ...

Photographer: Harris & Ewing American Red Cross - Uniforms

Boy's Activities - Junior Naval Reserve - Other Camps - Departure from St. Paul of 150 naval recruits. Parade was headed by Cadet Bagpipe Band from Winipeg, Canada, who were on a visit to St. Paul to stimulate recruiting for the British Army

Boy's Activities - Junior Naval Reserve - Other Camps - Departure from...

Photographer: Paul Thompson Boy's Activities - Junior Naval Reserve - Other Camps

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. Hull of F-5 Flying boat under construction in plant of Canadian Aeroplane Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airplanes; Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada. Canadian J.N.4 machine equipped with snow skids, ready for flight

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing Canadian J.N.4 Airpla...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for the U.S. Navy at the Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Plant, Toronto, Canada. One of the boats nearing completion

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for ...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. F-5 flying boat hull, showing Liberty Motors being installed, in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for the U.S. Navy at the Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Plant, Toronto, Canada. Flying boat under construction

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Manufacturing F-5 flying boats for ...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. Hull of F-5 Flying boat under construction in plant of Canadian Aeroplane Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military use. F-5 boat under construction, wings being fitted, in plant of Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd., Toronto, Canada

Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants - Building aeroplanes for military us...

Photographer: Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. Airplanes - Manufacturing Plants

American Red Cross - Miscellaneous - Ambulance Bandage Department, Red Cross Depot, Calgary, Alberta Canada

American Red Cross - Miscellaneous - Ambulance Bandage Department, Red...

Photographer: American Red Cross American Red Cross - Miscellaneous

U.S. National Archives

The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

Disclaimer: A work of the U.S. National Archives is "a work prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties." In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain. This website is developed as a part of the world's largest public domain archive, PICRYL.com, and not developed or endorsed by the U.S. National Archives. https://www.picryl.com

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