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Virginia ( (listen)), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Southern United States, between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most-populous city, and Fairfax County is the most-populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2019 is over 8.54 million, with 36% of them living in the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area.

The area's history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent English colony in the New World. Virginia's state nickname, the Old Dominion, is a reference to this status. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy. Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution. In the American Civil War, Virginia's Secession Convention resolved to join the Confederacy while the First Wheeling Convention resolved to remain in the Union, leading to a split that created West Virginia. Although the Commonwealth was under one-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia.

Virginia's state legislature is the Virginia General Assembly, which was established in 1619 and is the oldest continuous law-making body in North America. It is made up of a 40-member Senate and a 100-member House of Delegates. The state government is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley; federal agencies in Northern Virginia, including the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency; and military facilities in Hampton Roads, the site of the region's main seaport.

Virginia Media

32,894 media by topicpage 1 of 329
John Tomlin, Virginia

John Tomlin, Virginia

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W6302, for John Tomlin, Virginia., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National Archives’... more

A Sketch of the Military Topography of Baltimore and its Vicinity and of Patapsco Neck to North Point

A Sketch of the Military Topography of Baltimore and its Vicinity and ...

This map shows British and American positions before Baltimore during the British attack of September 12-14. It includes the positions of Brigadier General John Stricker's Maryland forces consisting of Captain... more

Noble, Mansfield - State: Virginia - Year: 1856
Cooke, A T M - State: Virginia - Year: 1859
Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infantry, with His Wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This Picture was Taken on the Porch of Mr. Allen's House at Richmond, Virginia.

Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infa...

Original Caption: Bvt. Brig. Gen. John E. Mulford, Col. of 3rd N.Y. Inf., with his wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This picture was taken on the porch of Mr. Allen's house at Richmond, Va..U.S. National Ar... more

Section and Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Assateague, Virginia

Section and Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Assateague, Virgin...

Records Relating to the Lighthouse at Assateague, Virginia

Design for Completing Fort Nelson, Virginia

Design for Completing Fort Nelson, Virginia

"Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Map of the Battles of Bull Run Near Manassas

Map of the Battles of Bull Run Near Manassas

Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay

[Map of area in the vicinity of Berkeley Springs.]
Topographical copy of a Map of the Valley of the Shenandoah River From Strasburg, [Va.], to Harper's Ferry. [W.] Va., with the adjacent counties west of it and south of the Potomac River

Topographical copy of a Map of the Valley of the Shenandoah River From...

Topographical copy of a Map of the Valley of the Shenandoah River From Strasburg, [Va.], to Harper's Ferry. [W.] Va., with the adjacent counties west of it and south of the Potomac River, Captured in the rebel ... more

Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infantry, with His Wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This Picture was Taken on the Porch of Mr. Allen's House at Richmond, Virginia.

Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infa...

Original Caption: Bvt. Brig. Gen. John E. Mulford, Col. of 3rd N.Y. Inf., with his wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This picture was taken on the porch of Mr. Allen's house at Richmond, Va..U.S. National Ar... more

Plan of Fort Nelson, Virginia

Plan of Fort Nelson, Virginia

This drawing shows the exact state of the works in July, 1798. "Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Oakes, T C - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Helm, J W - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Coynes, Robert - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Greeves, John D - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Williamson, Silas - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Wolcott, J E - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Cox, Friend - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Enlow, [Blank] - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Garrett, David W - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Sule, G T - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Barnes, William A - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Stuart, R E A - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Weart, [Blank] - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Davis, William P - Age 22, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Davis, William P - Age 22, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts o...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

George, Zamuth - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Collins, John T - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Dearmy, William - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Dearmy, William - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstrac...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Ely, Alfred L - Age 29, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Ely, Alfred L - Age 29, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of R...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Dillon, James E - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Wright, W J - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Stallman, William - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Gobble, Lilburn H - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Ford, J H - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Titchenell, Noah - Age 18, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Titchenell, Noah - Age 18, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts o...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Loyd, Irvin - Age 26, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Loyd, Irvin - Age 26, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Rec...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Killgower, F - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Thorn, Jane - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
Evans, Thomas G - Age 20, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Evans, Thomas G - Age 20, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Moore, George - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
White, George M - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

White, George M - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstrac...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

McCave, John - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Hartman, Austin - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Graham, Jasper - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Hetun, Daniel - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
Dollmun, Phillip - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
McCoy, H - State: Virginia - Year: 1861

McCoy, H - State: Virginia - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Payne, C H - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Martin, Meramon A - Age 19, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Martin, Meramon A - Age 19, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Crossly, Thomas - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Pasters, C W - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Gosson, John - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]

U.S. National Archives

The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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