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Virginia ( (listen)), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Southern United States, between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most-populous city, and Fairfax County is the most-populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2019 is over 8.54 million, with 36% of them living in the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area.

The area's history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent English colony in the New World. Virginia's state nickname, the Old Dominion, is a reference to this status. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy. Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution. In the American Civil War, Virginia's Secession Convention resolved to join the Confederacy while the First Wheeling Convention resolved to remain in the Union, leading to a split that created West Virginia. Although the Commonwealth was under one-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia.

Virginia's state legislature is the Virginia General Assembly, which was established in 1619 and is the oldest continuous law-making body in North America. It is made up of a 40-member Senate and a 100-member House of Delegates. The state government is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley; federal agencies in Northern Virginia, including the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency; and military facilities in Hampton Roads, the site of the region's main seaport.

Virginia Media

90,173 media by topicpage 1 of 902
Colonial Parkway - Colonial Williamsburg

Colonial Parkway - Colonial Williamsburg

The original finding aid described this photograph as: Original Caption: An 18th-century brick house with a tall white tower in the center of its roof stands amongst the bare branches of surrounding trees. Lo... More

Frakturs illumination - John Tomlin, Virginia

Frakturs illumination - John Tomlin, Virginia

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W6302, for John Tomlin, Virginia., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National Archives’... More

A Sketch of the Military Topography of Baltimore and its Vicinity and of Patapsco Neck to North Point

A Sketch of the Military Topography of Baltimore and its Vicinity and ...

This map shows British and American positions before Baltimore during the British attack of September 12-14. It includes the positions of Brigadier General John Stricker's Maryland forces consisting of Captain... More

Ridgely, Thomas P - State: Virginia - Year: 1835 - File Number: R47
Scott, Winfield - State: Virginia - Year: 1836 - File Number: S333
Jones, Robert T - State: Virginia - Year: 1837 - File Number: J130
Gardner, J M - State: Virginia - Year: 1837 - File Number: [Blank]
Scott, Winfield - State: Virginia - Year: 1837 - File Number: [Blank]
Scott, Winfield - State: Virginia - Year: 1840 - File Number: [Blank]
Erving, J - State: Virginia - Year: 1842 - File Number: E32
Howe, Jacob C - State: Virginia - Year: 1843 - File Number: H167
Hitchcock, E A - State: Virginia - Year: 1843 - File Number: H65
Deas, E - State: Virginia - Year: 1844 - File Number: D177
Deas, E - State: Virginia - Year: 1844 - File Number: D174
Ewell, Rich S - State: Virginia - Year: 1846 - File Number: E1
Ernest, R F - State: Virginia - Year: 1846 - File Number: E60
Patton, Isaac - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P329
Phelps, J W - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P351
Pickett, Geo E - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P507
Page, Francis N - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P408
Pemberton, J C - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P237
Patton, J W - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P330
Porterfield, G A - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P285
Pendleton, J S - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P174
Houston, M H - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: H104
Page, Francis N - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P407
Pemberton, J C - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: P206
Gardner, J L - State: Virginia - Year: 1848 - File Number: G452
Noble, Mansfield - State: Virginia - Year: 1856
McKay, William - State: Virginia - Year: 1859 - File Number: M158
Barton, J M - State: Virginia - Year: 1859 - File Number: B171
Cooke, A T M - State: Virginia - Year: 1859
[Blank], [Blank] - State: Virginia - Year: 1859 - File Number: L143
[Blank], [Blank] - State: Virginia - Year: 1859 - File Number: L144
Price, C W - State: Virginia - Year: 1859 - File Number: P74
Keirney, Chesley - State: Virginia - Year: 1859 - File Number: K80
[Blank], [Blank] - State: Virginia - Year: 1859 - File Number: V42
Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infantry, with His Wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This Picture was Taken on the Porch of Mr. Allen's House at Richmond, Virginia.

Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infa...

Original Caption: Bvt. Brig. Gen. John E. Mulford, Col. of 3rd N.Y. Inf., with his wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This picture was taken on the porch of Mr. Allen's house at Richmond, Va..U.S. National Ar... More

Central Virginia showing Lieut. Gen'l. U.S. Grant's Campaign and Marches of the Armies under his Command in 1864-5. Engineer Bureau, War Dept....Prepared by Order of the Secretary of War For the Officers of the U.S. Army under the command of Lieut. Gen. U. S. Grant.
[Blank], [Blank] - State: Virginia - Year: 1860 - File Number: I46
Design for Completing Fort Nelson, Virginia

Design for Completing Fort Nelson, Virginia

"Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Section and Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Assateague, Virginia

Section and Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Assateague, Virgin...

Records Relating to the Lighthouse at Assateague, Virginia

Central Virginia showing Maj. Gen'l. P. H. Sheridan's Campaigns and Marches of the Cavalry under his Command in 1864-65, drawn and lithographed under direction of Brvt. Maj. G. L. Gillespie, U.S.A., Chief Eng., Mil. Div. of the Gulf, Oct. 1865. Authorities--Engineer Bureau, War Dept.
Map of the Battles of Bull Run Near Manassas

Map of the Battles of Bull Run Near Manassas

Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay

[Map of the Shenandoah Valley from Strasburg, Va., to Harpers Ferry and vicinity, W. Va., "captured in General Lomax's Quarter wagons" by General Custer on October 9, 1864.]
Topographical copy of a Map of the Valley of the Shenandoah River From Strasburg, [Va.], to Harper's Ferry. [W.] Va., with the adjacent counties west of it and south of the Potomac River

Topographical copy of a Map of the Valley of the Shenandoah River From...

Topographical copy of a Map of the Valley of the Shenandoah River From Strasburg, [Va.], to Harper's Ferry. [W.] Va., with the adjacent counties west of it and south of the Potomac River, Captured in the rebel ... More

[Map of area in the vicinity of Berkeley Springs.]
Copy of Section of Photograph Map captured from the enemy Showing country adjacent to Richmond and Lines of Defensive Works surrounding the City. Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Engineer Department, August 18th, 1864, [and one part dated] Dec. 20th, 1864.
Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infantry, with His Wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This Picture was Taken on the Porch of Mr. Allen's House at Richmond, Virginia.

Brevet Brigadier General John E. Mulford, Colonel of 3rd New York Infa...

Original Caption: Bvt. Brig. Gen. John E. Mulford, Col. of 3rd N.Y. Inf., with his wife and Mr. and Mrs. William Allen. This picture was taken on the porch of Mr. Allen's house at Richmond, Va..U.S. National Ar... More

Hill, A P - State: Virginia - Year: 1860 - File Number: H73
Sketch of the Site of the O[pe]rations of the 10th, 11th, & 12th, July 1861, at Rich Mountain near Beverly, Randolph Co., [West] Virginia, between the U. S. Forces under Major Gen. Geo. McClellan and the Confederate troops, by Lieut. O. M. poe, U. S. Topl. Engrs.
Plan of Fort Nelson, Virginia

Plan of Fort Nelson, Virginia

This drawing shows the exact state of the works in July, 1798. "Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Carnahan, Alsinus - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Carnahan, Alsinus - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstr...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Welsh, Joseph J - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
Pasters, C W - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Potts, E P - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
Hough, Thos - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
Brunker, P H - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Brunker, P H - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Oakes, T C - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Coynes, Robert - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Gillian, R H - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Waterman, P - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Greeves, John D - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Jones, Samuel - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Jones, Samuel - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Wolcott, J E - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Sule, G T - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
McKenney, Octavus H - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Ely, Alfred L - Age 29, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Ely, Alfred L - Age 29, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of R...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Fischer, John - Age 45, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Fischer, John - Age 45, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of R...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Grinnell, G T - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Hetun, Daniel - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
Gobble, Lilburn H - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Hover, Henry S - Age 18, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Hover, Henry S - Age 18, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Reed, Margaret - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Collins, John T - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Heffner, Daniel - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Corn, John - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
Garrett, David W - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Gaudey, [Blank] - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Cuse, A S - State: Virginia - Year: 1861

Cuse, A S - State: Virginia - Year: 1861

Papers Relating to Citizens

Barnes, William A - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Brockwell, Asac - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Brooks, Richard - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Cunningham, Francis - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Stallman, William - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Chiswell, George W - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Allen, John L - Age 23, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Allen, John L - Age 23, Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of R...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Mulford, J E - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Hills, George - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Payne, C H - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
McCormick, J W - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Goodman, Warren D - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Furber, Caleb - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Welsh, Wm M - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
Thompson, Calloway - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Harshberger, Peter C - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Harshberger, Peter C - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Ab...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

Wood, John J - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
McClain, Wm - State: Virginia - Year: 1861
McMillin, Samuel H - State: Virginia - Year: [Blank]
Atkins, Joseph - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstracts of Records - West Virginia

Atkins, Joseph - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Miscellaneous Card Abstract...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Volunteer Organizations During the American Civil War

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The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives and Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. The Defense Visual Information Distribution Service provides a connection between world media and the American military personnel serving at home and abroad. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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