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Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 19th-smallest by area and the 25th most populous of the 50 U.S. states. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U.S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.

Much of the state's lands were formed from sediment washed down the Mississippi River, leaving enormous deltas and vast areas of coastal marsh and swamp. These contain a rich southern biota; typical examples include birds such as ibises and egrets. There are also many species of tree frogs, and fish such as sturgeon and paddlefish. In more elevated areas, fire is a natural process in the landscape and has produced extensive areas of longleaf pine forest and wet savannas. These support an exceptionally large number of plant species, including many species of terrestrial orchids and carnivorous plants. Louisiana has more Native American tribes than any other southern state, including four that are federally recognized, ten that are state recognized, and four that have not received recognition.

Some Louisiana urban environments have a multicultural, multilingual heritage, being so strongly influenced by a mixture of 18th-century French, Italian, Haitian, Spanish, French Canadian, Native American, and African cultures that they are considered to be exceptional in the U.S. Before the American purchase of the territory in 1803, the present-day State of Louisiana had been both a French colony and for a brief period a Spanish one. In addition, colonists imported numerous African people as slaves in the 18th century. Many came from peoples of the same region of West Africa, thus concentrating their culture. In the post-Civil War environment, Anglo-Americans increased the pressure for Anglicization, and in 1921, English was for a time made the sole language of instruction in Louisiana schools before a policy of multilingualism was revived in 1974. There has never been an official language in Louisiana, and the state constitution enumerates "the right of the people to preserve, foster, and promote their respective historic, linguistic, and cultural origins".

Like other states in the Deep South region, Louisiana frequently ranks low in terms of health, education, and development, and high in measures of poverty. In 2018, Louisiana was ranked as the least healthy state in the country, with high levels of drug-related deaths and excessive alcohol consumption, while it has had the highest homicide rate in the United States since at least the 1990s.

Louisiana Media

29,002 media by topicpage 1 of 291
Map of New Orleans

Map of New Orleans

Various Papers of the 15th Congress

Drawing Showing the Proposed Lighthouse at the Mouth of the Mississippi River, Louisiana

Drawing Showing the Proposed Lighthouse at the Mouth of the Mississipp...

Records Relating to the Lighthouse at the Mississippi River, Louisiana

Section and Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Atchafalaya Bay, Louisiana
Foundation Screw Design for the Lighthouse at Atchafalaya Bay, Louisiana
Plan of Fort St. Philip, Louisiana

Plan of Fort St. Philip, Louisiana

This drawing includes a table showing construction of the garrison in time of war to sustain a siege and an estimation of the cost for construction. "Fortifications Map File" Plans of Military Forts

Atchafalaya Basin. Prepared by order of Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks. Henry L. Abbot, Capt. & Chief Top. Eng'rs., Feb. 8th, 1863 [with annotations pertaining to the campaign in April and May 1863].

Atchafalaya Basin. Prepared by order of Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks. Henry L...

This maps covers area in Louisiana. Louisiana and the Mississippi River

Country around Alexandria from sketch made by order of Brig. Gen. R. Arnold, Chf. of Cavalry, by Lieut. E. C. Miles, 5th Engrs., Co. A

Country around Alexandria from sketch made by order of Brig. Gen. R. A...

This maps covers area in Louisiana. Louisiana and the Mississippi River

A Fierce Assault on Port Hudson, Louisiana

A Fierce Assault on Port Hudson, Louisiana

Photographic Records Made By The National Archives

Brossard, Chas - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
McClosky, Thomas - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Guillory, Joseph - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
McGee, Eugene H - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Hays, H - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Brossard, Chas - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Maes, G A - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, M - Pi - Louisiana

Maes, G A - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, M - Pi - Lo...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Sheridan, James M - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Roll Military Unit, S - T - Louisiana

Sheridan, James M - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Roll Military Unit, S - ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Nelson, D A - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Neugin, Edmond - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Montgomery, W A - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Auselin, George - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
St Cyr, Alcial - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
McCarty, F D - Age 46, Year: 1861 - Roll Military Unit, L - Mo - Louisiana

McCarty, F D - Age 46, Year: 1861 - Roll Military Unit, L - Mo - Louis...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Hittman, Jacob - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Fourth Regiment, Third Brigade, First Division, AND Roll Military Unit - Louisiana

Hittman, Jacob - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Fourth Regiment, Third Brig...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Douvillier, George Robert - Age 15, Year: 1861 - Fifteenth Infantry, Cl - Em - Louisiana

Douvillier, George Robert - Age 15, Year: 1861 - Fifteenth Infantry, C...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Morris, [Blank] - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Arnold, A E - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Campbell, A - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Twenty-first (Kennedy's) Infantry, A - R - Louisiana

Campbell, A - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Twenty-first (Kennedy's) Infan...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Gobbel, John - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Mayer, C G - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Powell, J L - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Davis, E F - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Herbert, Emile L - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
McGraw, T - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, M - Pi - Louisiana

McGraw, T - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, M - Pi - Lo...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Braddock, H T - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Philips, Wm A - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Fuston, Jasper N - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Sixteenth Infantry, E - Ha - Louisiana

Fuston, Jasper N - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Sixteenth Infantry, E - H...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Chinn, B R - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Mahon, James - Age 27, Year: 1861 - C, Lo - Me - Louisiana

Mahon, James - Age 27, Year: 1861 - C, Lo - Me - Louisiana

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Dilts, Martin - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, D - F - Louisiana

Dilts, Martin - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, D - F -...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

May, Thomas J - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
McFarland, G T - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Roll Military Unit, L - Mo - Louisiana

McFarland, G T - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Roll Military Unit, L - Mo ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Deroche, Prudent - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Teer, John - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Prescott, Willis - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Devlin, John - Age 36, Year: 1861 - First (Wheat's) Special Battalion, Infantry, A - H - Louisiana

Devlin, John - Age 36, Year: 1861 - First (Wheat's) Special Battalion,...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Rebouche, Adolph - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Carrier, Edmond - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Watley, W - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Comean, V - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Dolan, P - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, D - F - Louisiana

Dolan, P - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, D - F - Loui...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Gouldin, John - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Muller, Franz - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
McKee, Andrew W - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, M - Pi - Louisiana

McKee, Andrew W - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, M - P...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Newman, S B - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Batcheller, C J - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Clear, Richard - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Twenty-first (Kennedy's) Infantry, A - R - Louisiana

Clear, Richard - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Twenty-first (Kennedy's) In...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Hebert, F - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Whitle, John - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Fifteenth Infantry, So - Z AND Fifteenth (Weatherly's) Battalion, Sharp Shooters - Louisiana

Whitle, John - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Fifteenth Infantry, So - Z AN...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Mathews, F T - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, M - Pi - Louisiana

Mathews, F T - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Eighteenth Infantry, M - Pi -...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

Miller, H R - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Quirk, John - State: Louisiana - Year: [Blank]
Frie, Jacob R - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Sixteenth Infantry, E - Ha - Louisiana

Frie, Jacob R - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Sixteenth Infantry, E - Ha -...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

McCormick, J - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Roll Military Unit, L - Mo - Louisiana

McCormick, J - Age [Blank], Year: 1861 - Roll Military Unit, L - Mo - ...

Carded Records Showing Military Service of Soldiers Who Fought in Confederate Organizations

U.S. National Archives

The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

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