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Massachusetts ( (listen), ), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. It is home to the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.

Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine. Plymouth was founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of the Mayflower. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials. In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention. In the 18th century, the Protestant First Great Awakening, which swept Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, originated from the pulpit of Northampton preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that later led to the American Revolution.

The entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful scientific, commercial, and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist, temperance, and transcendentalist movements. In the late 19th century, the sports of basketball and volleyball were invented in the western Massachusetts cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court's decision in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, and Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard and MIT, also in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most highly regarded academic institutions in the world. Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance. The state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive.

Massachusetts Media

7,373 media by topicpage 1 of 74
Thaddeus Stockwell, Massachusetts

Thaddeus Stockwell, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W17877, for Thaddeus Stockwell, Massachusetts, ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. Nation... More

James Platt, Massachusetts

James Platt, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W18767, for James Platt, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National Arc... More

Christian Roth, Massachusetts

Christian Roth, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W14231, for Christian Roth, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National ... More

John Jenkins, Massachusetts

John Jenkins, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File R5568, for John Jenkins, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National Arc... More

Hugh Stewart, Massachusetts

Hugh Stewart, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W25084, for Hugh Stewart, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National Ar... More

Juber Newland, Massachusetts

Juber Newland, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W18908, for Juber Newland, Massachusetts. tyle., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. Nati... More

Benjamin Wentworth, Massachusetts

Benjamin Wentworth, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File S18262, for Benjamin Wentworth, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. Natio... More

Abraham Spoor, Massachusetts

Abraham Spoor, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W2480, for Abraham Spoor, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National Ar... More

Ebenezer Forbes, Massachusetts

Ebenezer Forbes, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File BLWT-47963-160-155, for Ebenezer Forbes, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U... More

Frederick Miller, Massachusetts

Frederick Miller, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W23974, for Frederick Miller, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. Nationa... More

William Potter, Massachusetts

William Potter, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W16373, for William Potter, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National ... More

William Smith, Massachusetts

William Smith, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W15355, for William Smith, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National A... More

Nathaniel Banks, Massachusetts

Nathaniel Banks, Massachusetts

Original Caption: Illustrated family record (Fraktur) found in Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land-Warrant Application File W14231 for Nathaniel Banks, Massachusetts., ca. 1800 - ca. 1900..U.S. National ... More

Elevation and Plan Drawing for the Lighthouse and Dwelling at Tarpaulin Cove, Massachusetts

Elevation and Plan Drawing for the Lighthouse and Dwelling at Tarpauli...

Lighthouse Plan for Tarpaulin Cove, Massachusetts

U.S. Custom House, Boston, Massachusetts, Traverse Section of Winning Design

U.S. Custom House, Boston, Massachusetts, Traverse Section of Winning ...

The Boston Custom House, constructed 1837-1847, is among the earliest federal buildings erected outside the nation's capital. After Congress authorized a new custom house for the city of Boston, a local board o... More

Elevation and Section of Cast Iron Lighthouse at Long Island Head, Massachusetts

Elevation and Section of Cast Iron Lighthouse at Long Island Head, Mas...

Lighthouse Plans for Long Island Head, Massachusetts

Section, Elevation and Plan Drawing for the Lighthouse at Egg Rock, Massachusetts
Section and Elevation Drawing for the Lighthouse at Bird Island, Massachusetts
Whittemore, B F - State: Massachusetts - Year: 1862
Porter, Walter - State: Massachusetts - Year: 1862
Cobb, John D - State: Massachusetts - Year: 1863
Noyes, John F - State: Massachusetts - Year: 1864
Ford, Ellen W - State: Massachusetts - Year: 1864
Laboratory and Fish Hatching House, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

Laboratory and Fish Hatching House, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

This encased photograph depicts an early version of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. Original caption: Laboratory and Fish House, U.S.F. Commission. Woods Hole. Scrapbooks, Logbooks, Photographs, and Co... More

Gun Model on Pneumatic Carriage #1467

Gun Model on Pneumatic Carriage #1467

This photograph depicts a ten inch gun model on a pneumatic carriage at the Watertown Arsenal. Photographs

Barbett Carriage Model

Barbett Carriage Model

This photograph depicts a 10 inch barbett carriage model at the Watertown Arsenal. Photographs

Plan for the U.S. Post Office in Taunton, Massachusetts

Plan for the U.S. Post Office in Taunton, Massachusetts

Consolidated File of Architectural Drawings of Public Buildings

Andover, Mass. , April 28, 2010 -- Deputy Administrator Richard Serino meets Wednesday with staff at the FEMA-1895-DR JFO in Andover, Massachusetts.  Serino thanked the staff and highlighted that more than $30 million in aid has been provided to survivors since the declaration just over a month ago.  FEMA/David Bibo

Andover, Mass. , April 28, 2010 -- Deputy Administrator Richard Serino...

The original database describes this as: Title: Deputy Administrator Serino in Massachusetts Production Date: 04/28/2010 Caption: Andover, Mass. , April 28, 2010 -- Deputy Administrator Richard Serino meets ... More

The Watertown Arsenal

The Watertown Arsenal

This photograph depicts a landscape view of the Watertown Arsenal. Photographs

"The Senior Senator from Massachusetts has a Rival"

"The Senior Senator from Massachusetts has a Rival"

Berryman Political Cartoon Collection

Gun on Disappearing Carriage Model #1461

Gun on Disappearing Carriage Model #1461

This photograph depicts a six inch gun on a six inch disappearing carriage model at the Watertown Arsenal. Photographs

Cannot Roll it Back

Cannot Roll it Back

This illustration entitled "Cannot Roll it Back", by cartoonist Clifford Berryman, which appeared in the Washington Post on November 6, 1898, depicts Senator George Frisbie Hoar of Massachusetts, a strong oppon... More

Lake Scenes - Massachusetts

Lake Scenes - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Resorts and Other Dwellings - Massachusetts

Resorts and Other Dwellings - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Scenery and Landscapes - Massachusetts

Scenery and Landscapes - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Transportation: Trucks - Massachusetts

Logging: Transportation: Trucks - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Bucking - Massachusetts

Logging: Bucking - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Bucking - Massachusetts

Logging: Bucking - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Felling - Massachusetts

Logging: Felling - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Felling - Massachusetts

Logging: Felling - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Felling - Massachusetts

Logging: Felling - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Brush Disposal - Massachusetts

Logging: Brush Disposal - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Crude Products: Fuelwood - Massachusetts

Crude Products: Fuelwood - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Small Sawmills - Massachusetts

Small Sawmills - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Active Fires - Massachusetts

Active Fires - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Signs - Massachusetts

Signs - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Diseases - Massachusetts

Forest Diseases - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

S & PF - Massachusetts

S & PF - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Stream Improvement - Massachusetts

Stream Improvement - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Saw Products: Dimensions - Massachusetts

Saw Products: Dimensions - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Seasoning and Shipping Lumber - Massachusetts

Seasoning and Shipping Lumber - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Small Sawmills - Massachusetts

Small Sawmills - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Small Sawmills - Massachusetts

Small Sawmills - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Sawmill Interiors - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Forest Fire Equipment: Fire Trucks - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Brush Disposal - Massachusetts

Logging: Brush Disposal - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Scaling - Massachusetts

Logging: Scaling - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Fishing - Massachusetts

Fishing - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Water Sports - Massachusetts

Water Sports - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Nursery Work: Seed Beds - Massachusetts

Nursery Work: Seed Beds - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

S & PF - Massachusetts

S & PF - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Logging: Loading Logs - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Community Forests - Massachusetts

Photographs Relating to National Forests, Resource Management Practices, Personnel, and Cultural and Economic History

U.S. National Archives & DVIDS

The objects in this collection are from The U.S. National Archives and Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was established in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA keeps those Federal records that are judged to have continuing value—about 2 to 5 percent of those generated in any given year. There are approximately 10 billion pages of textual records; 12 million maps, charts, and architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million still photographs and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 reels of motion picture film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. The Defense Visual Information Distribution Service provides a connection between world media and the American military personnel serving at home and abroad. All of these materials are preserved because they are important to the workings of Government, have long-term research worth, or provide information of value to citizens.

Disclaimer: A work of the U.S. National Archives and DVIDS is "a work prepared by an officer or employee" of the federal government "as part of that person's official duties." In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain. This website is developed as a part of the world's largest public domain archive, PICRYL.com, and not developed or endorsed by the U.S. National Archives or DVIDS.  https://www.picryl.com

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